Tuskegee Airman Influence on Military Desegregation

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Tuskegee Airman Influence on Military Desegregation Byron Ross USASMA Department of Military History Class 63 SGM Williams January 17, 2013 Abstract The intent of this research paper is to identify how contributions of the Tuskegee Airman Experiment completely influenced desegregation of the United States Armed Forces. Furthermore, it will capture information on events and accomplishment of African Americans, despite the challenges blacks faced even though they displayed the same abilities and intelligence as whites. It will show how discrimination and racism played a major part of denying fully capable aviators the right to serve as fighter pilots during World War II. The information presented will also show that the Tuskegee Airman Experiment is a part of American Military History that will always be the center of African American contributions during tactical air battle heroics and the war efforts of World War II. Approved and enforced by Franklin D. Roosevelt, this experiment showed to be an excellent way to increase the combat effectiveness, combat power and diversity of the United States Army. Even though most of the Tuskegee Airman’s history is usually found within the archives of the United States Air Force, the United States Army’s Air Corps is the military service birthplace of the experiment. Chronologically, this paper will show how African American dealt with inequality as commissioned officers and enlisted Soldiers. It will give insight to the Tuskegee Airman Experiment, the training, why the experiment started, the forming of the squadrons, the effort of contributions in World War II and finally the desegregation of the United States Armed Forces. African American Officers and Soldiers Prior to the Armed Forces Desegregation African American Commissioned Officers were restricted, rejected for many duties, abused and humiliated or
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