Trial By Jury

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IS JURY AN OBSOLETE The jury is considered as fundamental part of the English legal system, albeit only a minority of the cases is tried by the jury in these days. In a sense it plays a vital role in ensuring that the criminal justice system works for the benefit of the public rather than for the benefit of unjust leaders. It promotes not only a healthy criminal justice system but also a healthy society, where political leaders can not abuse criminal justice system to silence their opponents. It has attained such an importance that Lord Devlin wrote in 1956: “Trial by jury is more than an instrument of justice and more than a wheel of the constitution; it is the lamp that shows that freedom lives.” It is generally accepted that the jury…show more content…
Criminal offences are classified into three groups : summary only offences, which are tried in the magistrates’ court; indictable offences, which are tried in the Crown Court; and either way offences, which, as the name suggests, may be tried either in the magistrates’ courts or the Crown Court. 95 per cent of the criminal cases are heard in the magistrates’ courts, where juries have no role (this proposition also includes cases involving either way offences where the defendant chooses to be tried by magistrates). Juries only decide case heard in the Crown court. Even among the 5 per cent of cases heard there, in a high proposition of these the defendant will plead guilty, which means there is no need for a jury and, on top of that, there are cases where the judges direct the jury that the law demands that they acquit the defendant, so that the jury effectively makes no decision either. The result is that juries actually decide only around 1 per cent of criminal…show more content…
Alternatively, it would be possible where the trial would be likely to place an excessive burden on the life of a typical juror. The Government agreed with the opposition not to implement this part of the legislation while alternative proposals for specialist jurors and judges sitting in panels were investigated. The relevant legislative provisions can only be brought into force by a parliamentary order approving its implementation, which will require debates and a vote in both Houses of Parliament. The process was initiated at the end of 2005, but following strong opposition the provision was not brought into force. Instead, the Government has introduced a single issue Bill, the Fraud (Trials without Jury) Bill, aimed soley at abolishing the jury in a limit range of serious and complex fraud

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