Criminal Justice Models Paper Judy Sandridge CJS/220 May 25, 2012 Estanislao Rosas Criminal Justice Models Paper The criminal justice process is complex varies from state to state. Three models of the criminal justice process are the funnel, wedding and net. I will compare these three models of the criminal justice process and give my opinion on which model I think best describes the criminal justice system as it is today. The first model is the funnel model. This model looks at how decisions are made at each level in the criminal justice process and sort out those people and cases that it feels should not go through the entire process from those that should.
The fifth task is to sentence convicted criminals. When a judge sentences a convicted criminal it can be from a fine, community service, restoration, or a prison sentence. Punishment is given to fit the type of crime the criminal has committed. Many criminal cases and almost all civil cases are heard by a judge without a jury present (Role of the Judge and Other Courtroom Participants, n.d.). Witnesses are present in the courtroom to give testimonies about facts pertaining to the case.
Criminal Justice System Angel M. Williams CJS/200 July 15, 2012 Bryan Maglicco The Criminal Justice System There are three components of the criminal justice system. The first component of the justice system is law enforcement. This component includes the local police department, officers and detectives. These individuals find and capture those who break the law. The laws are set by state, federal and government officials.
Corrections is the part of the system is responsible for the management of people who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses. Many people may think of jails and prisons as equal. However, they differ in many ways. First, jails are county or city administered institutions that house both inmates awaiting trial on the local level and convicted misdemeanants serving a term of one year or less, while prisons are state or federal facilities housing convicted felons serving a term of more than one year. Second, jails are run by sheriffs and/or local governments and are designed to hold individuals awaiting disposition of their case and waiting for transport to the state prison system after they have been convicted.
An example of this would be the Miranda rights, which was brought about after someone decided to challenge the court, so now we have a law. Citizens were also given the rights to have an attorney present because of poor appellate court systems (www.criminaljusticesystem.org). The people who are allowed to submit an appeal are the prosecutor and defense attorneys, pertaining to a criminal case. Defendants are allowed to appeal a conviction, but States are not allowed to appeal a "not guilty" verdict (www.criminaljusticesystem.org). The Supreme Court must agree to hear the defendant's case.
Their main role outside the court is to undertake training by visiting prisons and the local community but they also have the power to issue search or arrest warrants and to interview or hold a suspect. Most of their roles are inside the actual Court this is where the trial takes place. All trials start in the Magistrates Court but can either stay there or be sent to the Crown Court – Lay Magistrates generally make this decision. If the defendant has committed a summary offense (traffic offences, assault), they are kept at the Magistrates Court where they are tried, however if the defendant has committed a indictable offence (murder, rape) they are sent to the Crown Court straight away where they will be tried. If the defendant has committed an either-way offence (s47 abh, theft) it can be up to the defendant which court to be tried in, or if the Magistrates believe it’s too serious for them to deal with, they will send them to the Crown Court.
most sentences issued are custodial sentences that are spent in Her Majesty’s Prison service. An order is an instruction given by a court that the individual must follow, this could be an ASBO, and this is an Anti-social behaviour order that can be placed on an individual if they have been anti-social in the area. Parliament make laws too tackle crime and disorder in local areas, some of the acts include. • Anti-social behaviour act 2003 • Crime and disorder act 1998 • Police reform act 2002 • Criminal justice act 2003 • Public order act 1986 Crime and disorder act 1998 The crime and disorder act 1998 allows for police to deal with a variety of types of crime, all of which are related to anti-social behaviour on the streets. It allows for orders and punishments to be placed on an individual.
•To examine all aspects of city and county governments and special districts by initiating its own investigations. •To serve as ombudsmen for the citizens of the cities and county of the state in which you reside in. •To conduct criminal investigations and, if the evidence is sufficient, issue criminal indictments in lieu of a preliminary Superior Court hearing. -Given these 3 functions I think that Jury Duty should be mandatory, because if it was optional, only a small percentage of people would honestly go through the selection process to do it. You would have the same juries a lot of the time, and there needs to
Most cases are referred by law enforcement but some cases can also be refereed by the school, parents, social services, and victims. When the case is referred to the juvenile court typically an intake officer or in some states a prosecutor will determine whether the case goes further, is dismissed, is diverted to a program or is filed as an adult offense. If the intake officer determines that the case must be sent to the juvenile court it must be submitted as a petition, in which the case is now to be handled by the court. If the case progresses an adjudication hearing will be held which is much like an adult hearing. Once a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent, the judge then choses a disposition which usually is probation but there are other options such as juvenile halls, boot camps, group homes, youth correctional facilities and so on.
A misdemeanor is a criminal offense that can put the offender in jail for up to a year. Along with up to a year in prison a misdemeanor can also payment of a fine, probation, community service, and restitution. Those charged with a misdemeanor will be entitled to a jury trial. Above a misdemeanor and more of serious criminal offense is a felony. Felonies are most associated with physical harm to a victim, but felony offenses will also include fraudulent acts and white collar crimes.