More children are born in Britain today outside of marriage than in most other European countries. This has been linked to many explanations such as; poor education in sexual health and the lack of knowlege on different types of contraceptives. Nearly a quarter of children lived with only one parent (25%) last year and nine out of ten of these households were headed by mothers. Dennis and Erdos believe that is is down to most families being fatherless, meaning they automatically have poor health and lower educational attainment, however this is only one theory. Another main reason is the simple fact people are marrying later for many reasons, more because of the change in attitudes towards education and religion (seclurisation).
The article “No Babies” by Russell Shorto discusses how the population in Europe is drastically decreasing because the low birth rate and higher death rate. He discusses how the birth to death rate is very unbalanced as well, which is a result of the declining population. European culture is feared be lost due to the fact that the majority of the European population is mainly made up of older generations and few younger. In the article Population “7 Billion”, Robert Kunzig discusses how the population worldwide is increasing drastically. He discusses that although the population is growing, our planet may not have all the resources it needs to accommodate the growing population.
A change that has happened to childbearing since the 1970's is that over four in ten children are now born outside of marriage, which is five times more than it was in 1971. This means that more children are being born into lone-parent families or cohabilitating families. A reason for this is that there has been a huge decline in the stigma that used to be held over births outside marriage and also a increase in cohabiliatation. An example of this is that only one third of 18-24 year olds think marriage should come before parenthood, meaning that the rise in births outside of marriage is more to do with the increase in cohabilitating couples than it is to do with single parents. Another change that has happened in childbearing since the 1970's is that women are having fewer children and children later in life.
Also, some adults do not end up getting married, almost 19 million Americans (Benokraitis, n.d., 3). Furthermore, children under the age of 18 living with two married parents went from 77 percent to 67 percent (Benokraitis, n.d, 3). That finding shows the increase of divorce among Americans. The article, “The Changing Landscape of Family”, states that women are spending less time with their children than before and there is a decrease in the number of children per family. This is partially because women have started to go back to work and the economy in the present day is not very stable so supporting a bigger family is not easily done.
According to N.L Tranter (1996), over three quarters of the decline in the death rate from 1850 to 1970 was due to a fall in the number of deaths from infectious diseases. Since deaths from infectious disease were commonest amongst the younger generations, it is not surprising that most of the decline in the death rate came from infants, children and young adults. This decrease in the death rate is part of what has led to a growing population in the UK. However, this is not the only reason for a decline in the death rate leading to an increase in the population in the UK. Thomas McKeown (1972) also points out that improved nutrition is also part of what has led to a decreasing death rate, he believes it is accountable for up to half the reduction in death rates.
HR400: Employment and Staffing | Employment and Staffing | Unit 1 Project | | Amy Johnson | 8/7/2012 | | According to United States of Department of Labor, over the next decade there will be some important changes to the demographic trends within the workforce. With a combination of the ups and downs of birthrates over the past 70 years and immigrates making up a sizable part of the population growth. One the biggest swifts are with the job market is the decline in the share of prime-age workers. The prime age group is considered 25-54 years old. Within this age group, we have more turning 55 then 25 coming up to this group.
Dementia isn't when you can't find your car keys. We all do that. Experts say the condition is the health and social care challenge of the 21st century, because the UK's ageing population means the numbers affected are set to soar. The following facts and figures show the height of the challenge; 700,000 people have dementia in the UK 15,000 of those are under 65 The total affected is estimated to reach 1m by 2021 By 2051, it could reach 1.7m Women account for two-thirds of cases Dementia currently costs the UK over £17bn a year Dementia could cost the economy £50bn per year within 30 years The disease can affect a person anywhere from three to 20 years!! Dementia can be caused by a number of illnesses that affect the brain.
Peter Ferrara states that the “government’s own reports show that Medicare will run out of funds to pay promised benefits within the next few years”. Ferrara also says “that the current source of funding for Medicare will finance approximately one third of currently promised benefits to today’s workers”. Radical measures are definitely needed to preserve the Medicare program (Ferrara, 1997). The United States is facing a severe financial crisis because of the huge spending deficits and future spending for Medicare. The baby boom population of 79 million has started enrolling in Medicare in January 2010 and for the next 20 years an average of 10,000 citizens per day will reach the age of 65 (Smith,
Over the last century, there has been a decline in premature deaths throughout developed countries (Alder et al, 2009). Life expectancy has grown in the United Kingdom from 45 for females and 49 for males In 1901 and in more recent times to 75 years for male and 80 years for female in 1999 (Hicks and Ellen;1999). Not everywhere is experiencing longevity of life the average life expectancy in Zimbabwe is 35.5 (Stibich, 2009).The ONS (2009) have suggested that males and females in the UK could expect to live to 77.44 and 81.65 years respectively. The same report also highlighted the gap between the genders after surviving to 65 years. This is illustrated in the diagram below.
UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Parental separation is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. In many developed countries, separation rates have increased markedly during the previous century. It is reported that more than 1 million children each year experience their parents’ separation. Divorce or separation is a critical event happening to about 54% of young families; however nobody really is prepared for the difficulties that follow. Parental separation has been reported in the literature as being associated with a wide range of adverse effects on children’s wellbeing, both as a short-term consequence of the transition and in the form of more enduring effects that persist into adulthood.