There is also Dr Lanyon, who is seen to be completely opposed to the science of Jekyll but loses his Victorian values to his curiosity when Jekyll reveals his secret. The contrast of “Henry Jekyll’s Full Statement of the Case” to the narrative of Mr Utterson in the other chapters of this book shows duality because Mr Utterson uses the other characters as a point of view whereas Jekyll’s statement of the case looks from only his perspective. Stevenson uses the lasting moral message that good and evil are conflicting inside people - the way that savagery and civilisation contrast and our effects on religion and science. Robert Louis Stevenson uses the character of Sir Danvers Carew to portray that civilisation and religion are important for good people whereas Mr Hyde shows evil through his curiosity of life and his height to represent youth, showing that Jekyll’s youthful sins; which were not explained in detail are replicated as Hyde. This is a comment on Victorian values that Stevenson is making.
It is Duffy’s intention to provoke sympathy in ‘Liar’ and she aims to show us that society has no right in judging those who openly act in a way that others would deem incorrect, even though they are no difference between them in private. By showing Susan to be a lonely and pitiful person who is unduly judged, Duffy is able to achieve this. In the opening stanza, ‘Susan’ claims that “she was really a man” and that “after she’d taken off her cotton floral day-frock she was him all right, in her head, dressed in that heavy herringbone.” She has a daytime persona in which she is feminine and harmless however the herringbone opposes the femininity of her daytime persona; she believes that she is a man and so in the evenings wears male clothing. The outward signification of physical clothing points towards inner confusion, however the line “The eyes in the mirror knew that” shows that although she is trying to suppress herself, she is aware of reality and knows things, meaning that she is not mad, she is simply a woman who cannot accept herself the way she is and craves to be someone else. Also, the fact that she believes herself to be a man is not a lie, she does not intend to deceive anyone and does not desire to harm those around her by dressing as a man, it is simply a personal neurotic tendency that she has that has no affect on others.
This was suggested as naïve optimism and unrealistic by anti-transcendentalists. They though that people who desired complete individualism would give rise to the worst aspects of human nature. Hawthorne in his story shows that relying on one’s self is a type of evil. An initial reading may show this tale to be about the idea that sin is in all men’s hearts and that there is a universal desire to keep it hidden. However much we may want others to be transparent, it is impossible because everyone wears a veil.
Eerily uncanny at times, “The Sandman” by E.T.A. Hoffman invokes a sense of hesitant curiosity in its readers, surpassing the societal norm of its era by means of perception. The tale leaves readers unsure of reality, questioning the legitimacy of the claims of a man later described as mad. At times, the reader is left with no alternative but to trust the main character, Nathanael, an occurrence later tainted by the dubious nature of his assertions. The embodiment of this dynamic view of reality lies in Nathanael's misguided perception of women.
It describes a God that is personal, all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good. Theodicy is one criticism against the second premise of this argument, which attempts to try and explain why an all-PKG allows evil to exist (Sober, pg. 111). Theodicy claims that some evils are necessary as they have the property of being “soul-building”. Soul-building evils are meant to force human beings to live through adversity and in turn strengthen our characters (Sober, pg.
How does Ridley Scott suggest that the true hero of “Blade Runner” is Roy Batty and not Deckard? Scott’s film noir, social critique of humanity highlights the evil suffered as the result of societal and governmental lack of responsibility in the fields of science and technology. His belief that we exploit science’s remarkable accomplishments is explored through the prejudice shown towards the replicants. The replicants are portrayed as immoral through circumstances not of their own provocation. Showing their violence and obsession for finding extra life reveals they are less apathetic than Blade Runner, Rick Deckard.
In Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Stevenson portrays the idea of temptation and how self control conducts how the future ends up to be. Jekyll, the selfish alchemist does not like living with temptation, so he creates another being to relive his evil side. Utterson is tempted to read a packet that should not be read, and Lanyon, Jekyll’s acquaintance witnesses a man turn into another being. Stevenson implies that self control is virtues and not many people have. Temptation without self control leads to discontentment and, an un pleasurable life.
Absurdity is defined as that which is contrary to reason; clearly untrue, unreasonable or ridiculous. The subject of existentialism is prevalent in Albert Camus’ novel The Stranger portrayed through the life of the protagonist, Meursault. Camus depicts absurdity bringing about happiness or indifference with respect to Meursault's life that are driven by his refusal to behave in accordance with social norms. Those revolts can be seem through instantaneous physical sensations like his sexual relationship with Marie or smoking that Meursualt desires, but invests little to no emotion in them. One can assume that Meursault's lack of care, in the end, allows him to understand the meaninglessness of mankind's struggle for acceptance.
”I will wear my heart upon my sleeve, for daws to peck at. I am not what I am.” (Act 1,s1 66-67). This quote doesn't only indicate that Iago doesn't appear to be what he really is, but it is also foreshadowing he is in alignment with the devil by invading God’s line” I am what I am”(Exodus 3.14), from the Christian point of view. His deceptive personality is also shown as he pretends to be faithful to Cassio ” I had rather have this tongue cut from my mouth than it should do offence to Michael Cassio.” (Act 2 s3 210-211). His cruelty is clearly evident throughout the play, as he allows and plans to murder innocent people to benefit himself.” Do it not with poison.
This theory is contradictory because it suggests that people cannot be good and that only evil can exist, a theory that gains great skepticism, especially from the aspect of ethics and religion. At the same time, Kropotkin suggests that some people wish to live in harmony with others while some wish to live in competition. Philosophers who are in opposition to Kropotkin’s theory may even consider his ideas to be those of an “anarchist ideology,” as stated in an early day War Commentary publication (Bernari, 1942). While people are in fact born with natural tendencies, it is to be debated whether fighting is one of them; however, the senses we are born with can indeed be considered natural ethics. From the moment we are born, we have a sense of fear, closeness, and comfort – things that are not learned as we grow, but instead are a part of our natural intuition as human beings.