In the periosteum it surrounds the bone surface wherever it is not covered by articular cartilage, it is a sheath of dense irregular connective tissue containing osteoblasts, it functions to protect the bone, assists in fracture repair, nourishes bone tissue, and serves as an attachment point for ligaments and tendons. 4- Which kind of bone marrow is in spongy bone tissue? Red bone marrow is the type of marrow found in spongy bone tissue. 5- Which ossification method would form a femur? Endochondrial ossification would form the femur.
2. the portion of a long bone formed from a primary center of ossification. EPIPHYSIS- 1. The end of a long bone that is originally separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage but that later becomes united to the main bone through ossification. HYALINE CARTILAGE- a type of connective tissue composed of specialized cells in a translucent, pearly blue matrix. Hyaline cartilage thinly covers the articulating ends of bones, connects the ribs to the sternum, and supports the nose, the trachea, and part of the larynx.
Definition: Bones are rigid organs that constitute part of the endoskeleton of vertebrates. They support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells and store minerals. Bone tissue is a type of dense connective tissue. Bones come in a variety of shapes and have a complex internal and external structure, are lightweight yet strong and hard, and serve multiple functions. One of the types of tissue that makes up bone is the mineralized osseous tissue, also called bone tissue, that gives it rigidity and a coral-like three-dimensional internal structure.
E) parallel. 59) The femur can withstand ________ times the body weight without breaking. 59) ______ A) 3 B) 8 C) 5 to 10 D) 20 E) 10 to 15 60) ________ marrow is found between the trabeculae of spongy bone. 60) ______ A) Bone B) Gray C) Yellow D) Red E) White 61) ________ bone reduces the weight of the skeleton and makes it easier for muscles to move the bones. 61) ______ A) Spongy B) Sesamoid C) Long D) Short E) Irregular 62) Intramembranous ossification begins with the ________ cells.
Flat bones are generally thin and provides extensive surfaces for muscles attachment. Flat bones: scapula, cranial , the sternum and the ribs 3. Describe the location, composition, and function of the epiphyseal plate. Epiphyseal plate is located in the metaphysis and is composed of the hyaline cartilage and its function allows for bones to grow in length. 4.
He has a skeletal system that has two main organs; the vertebrae column and the skull. This system provides support and protections and allows for body movement. His digestive system works exactly like humans as well and has two main organs; the stomach and the esophagus. This system performs the mechanical and chemical processes of digestion, absorption of nutrients and elimination of waste. Another organ system is the nervous system and its two major organs are the spinal cord and the brain.
The joints give the body flexibility and allow movement to occur. Bones: An Overview * Identify the subdivisions of the skeleton as axial or appendicular. * Axial – bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body - skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum * Appendicular – bones of the limbs and girdles – all others * List at least three functions of the skeletal system. * Support – framework that supports and anchors soft organs * Protection – protect soft organs * Movement – place for skeletal muscles to attach and use bones as levers to move the body * Storage – fat is stored in internal cavities, also stores minerals such as calcium and phosphorus * Blood cell formation – aka hematopoiesis – occurs within the marrow of certain bones * Name the four main kinds of bones. * Long bones – longer than wide with shaft and heads at both ends made mostly of compact bone (dense and looks smooth and homogeneous) – all bones of limbs except wrist and ankle bones * Short bones – cube-shaped and contain mostly spongy bone (small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open space) – bones of the wrists and ankles, sesamoid bones (form within tendons), and patella
174 – a) shaft of the bone, b) end of the bone, c) between the shaft and end of the bone 7. Describe the location, composition, and function of the epiphyseal plate, articular cartilage, and periosteum. Ans: pg. 174 – epiphyseal plate: located in the metaphysis, composed of hyaline cartilage, is the growth plate; articular cartilage: covers the part of the epiphysis where the bone forms an articulation with another bone, composed of hyaline cartilage, reduces fiction and absorbs shock at freely movable joints; periosteum: surrounds the bone surface wherever it is not covered by articular cartilage, is a sheath of dense irregular connective tissue containing osteoblasts, functions to protect the bone, assists in fracture repair, nourishes bone tissue, and serve as an attachment point for ligaments and tendons 8. Why is osseous tissue considered a connective tissue?
Skeletal System: The skeleton of animals is generally split into two parts, the axial and appendicular skeletons. The axial skeleton lies on the axis of the body of the animal. This part of the skeleton contains bones such as the ribs, vertebral column, and the skull. The axial skeleton provides the basic structure of the body as well as protects vital organs and support the body. The appendicular skeleton contributes more to the appendages of the animal.