Beth – Bone Biology Terms for Paleopathology HEMATOPOIESIS- the normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow. In severe anemia and other hematologic disorders, cells may be produced in organs outside the marrow (extramedullary hematopoiesis). See also erythropoiesis. DIAPHYSIS- 1. the shaft of a long bone, between the epiphyses. 2. the portion of a long bone formed from a primary center of ossification.
3- Describe the [location, composition, and function] of the epiphyseal plate. The epiphyseal plate is located in the metaphysis and is composed of hyaline cartilage. It is the growth plate, it covers the part of the epiphysis where the bone forms an articulation with another bone. It reduces friction and absorbs shock in articular cartilage. In the periosteum it surrounds the bone surface wherever it is not covered by articular cartilage, it is a sheath of dense irregular connective tissue containing osteoblasts, it functions to protect the bone, assists in fracture repair, nourishes bone tissue, and serves as an attachment point for ligaments and tendons.
Definition: Bones are rigid organs that constitute part of the endoskeleton of vertebrates. They support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells and store minerals. Bone tissue is a type of dense connective tissue. Bones come in a variety of shapes and have a complex internal and external structure, are lightweight yet strong and hard, and serve multiple functions. One of the types of tissue that makes up bone is the mineralized osseous tissue, also called bone tissue, that gives it rigidity and a coral-like three-dimensional internal structure.
Flat bones are generally thin and provides extensive surfaces for muscles attachment. Flat bones: scapula, cranial , the sternum and the ribs 3. Describe the location, composition, and function of the epiphyseal plate. Epiphyseal plate is located in the metaphysis and is composed of the hyaline cartilage and its function allows for bones to grow in length. 4.
3. Describe the location, composition, and, function of the epiphyseal plate. c. Location- shoulder, hips d. Composition- hyaline cartilage e. Function- bone growth 4. Which kind of bone marrow is in spongy bone tissue? f. Red marrow is the type of bone marrow found in spongy tissue.
• It transports white blood cells to and from the lymph nodes into the bones. Structure of the lymphatic system: The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system. It is a network of tissues and organs that consists of lymph vessels, lymph nodes and lymph. The tonsils, adenoids, spleen and thymus are all part of the lymphatic system. The lymph vessels collect fluid, called lymph from the body tissues and return it to the blood, maintaining the fluid balance within the body.