The Role Of Judicial Review In America

1165 Words5 Pages
In our government, a system of separation of powers and checks and balances are used to maintain order among the three different branches of government. The purposes and responsibilities of the legislative and executive branches are laid out in Article I and II of the United States Constitution, respectively. To balance state's rights and the rights of all of the nation's citizens, the framers of the Constitution came up with the concept of an executive branch that represents the interests of the nation and a legislative branch that represents the interests of the states. The third branch of government, the judicial branch, is responsible for balancing these conflicting interests. The Judicial Branch, has power that is, arguably, unregulated; power to overturn decisions by both the Executive and Legislative Branches. How does a judicial branch with unrestrained power fit into a democratic society? At first, it would seem impossible, yet judicial review may be single-handedly responsible for the preservation of democracy, and more importantly, liberty in America. In America’s democratic society, between the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches of government, the Judicial Branch may sometimes be regarded as the branch of government with the least amount of power. A closer analysis of the United States’ system of government might reveal that the Judicial Branch holds a great deal of power. One of the most significant powers of the Supreme Court is the power known as judicial review. This paper will examine the establishment of judicial review doctrine and discuss the primary functions of the concept: empowering the judicial branch, balancing the branches, and protector of constitutional liberties. The powers of the Judicial Branch are expressed in Article III of the United States Constitution. However, judicial review is not explicitly stated among
Open Document