The Belgians led the way in new coal-mining techniques the French had the first coal-fired blast furnace for making iron , and the Germans made the first industrial cotton mill. However, the Industrial Revolution did not make a significant impact elsewhere in Europe until the late 1800's. The Industrial revolution reached Italy, the Netherlands, Russia, and Sweden in the late 1800's. However their industrial development did not match the level of Belgium, France and Germany until the late twentieth century. Other Southern and Eastern European countries joined the industrial revolution in the twentieth century.
The toxic waste can be managed by treating it well and burying it underground. Also new technology has made it possible to run Nuclear Power plants with thorium. To use thorium the Nuclear Power Plant needs to be driven on the Accelerator Driven System. This system may have a large price tag but it will pay itself back within fifty years or so. Thorium compared to Uranium creates less toxic waste and also unlike Plutonium (the by-product of uranium) the toxic waste created by Thorium will only takes 500 years to be declared safe.
Both of which were discovered in the second quarter of the twentieth century. In the nuclear fission reaction, as the name implies, a nucleus is broken into smaller parts while in nuclear fusion light nuclei are combined to form a single massive nucleus. Although nuclear fission and nuclear fusion reactions have same basic purpose of energy derivation, still there is a contrast in the conditions under which these reactions occur as well as their effect on our health. The main purpose of a nuclear fission and nuclear fusion reaction is to gain energy. To understand how energy is released; we must know the fact that during any of the two processes, the mass of the products is always less than the mass of the reactants and this deficit in the mass is converted into energy in accordance with Einstein’s mass energy relationship.
The atomic bomb works by a physical phenomenon known as Fission. In this case, particles, specifically nuclei, are split and great amounts of energy are released. This energy is expelled explosively and violently in the atomic bomb. The massive power behind the reaction in an atomic bomb arises from the forces that hold the atom together called the strong nuclear force. The element used in atomic bombs is Uranium-235.
Nuclear fusion combines nuclei to produce energy and it creates four times as much energy compared to nuclear fission, which is the current form of commercialised nuclear power. In nuclear fusion, it has been tested with reactions of hydrogen isotopes; deuterium and tritium however; it gave off the majority of its energy as radioactive neutrons which is quiet hazardous and raises safety concerns. In contrast, when helium-3 reacts with deuterium it produced low levels of radioactivity and is perfectly safe as it does not give off any pollution or radioactive waste. Therefore, it shows no danger to surrounding areas. By having helium-3 as the next power production on earth it will also decrease the amount of pollution and radioactive waste in the atmosphere.
Nuclear power itself is very simular to renewable energy and emits close to no green house gasses. Many positive benefits would come out of embracing nuclear energy in Australia. Australia is in a good geological positioned and nuclear power is a safe, reliable way to provide energy to Australia. Nuclear does not necessarily have to be the only form of energy but is one that can supply enough energy to the wide range of large industries throughout
6. Briefly explain how nuclear fuel is converted to electrical energy in a nuclear power plant. In a nuclear-fueled power plant, water is turned into steam, which in turn drives turbine generators to produce electricity, and the heat to make the steam is created when uranium atoms split, which is known as fission. 7. How is radon harmful to people?
The process of changing one element into another is called transmutation. The two main ways that a transuranic nucleus can be produced is by bombarding its nucleus with ions or neutrons. These ions or neutrons can be captured by the target nucleus and produce heavier nucleus. Transuranic element 1: U-238 is bombarded with neutrons it can be converted to U-239 which then undergoes beta decay to produce neptunium and plutonium. Pu-239 is changed to americium-241 by neutron
The Allis Chalmers vertical and horizontal refrigerating engine was also here, capable of generating 5,000 horsepower, along with the Curtis Steam Turbine from General Electric Company, which could produce 8,000 horsepower (Corbett 3-5). Coincidently the German Company, A. Borsig, showcased a 1,750 horsepower engine that used only 1,550 pounds of coal an hour. That was 30% less fuel than American machines used for the same
(Delgado 43) Research in atomic energy progressed when scientists learned that using a neutron to bombard atoms performed better than protons and alpha particles. That process would later become known as fission. Later into the research, two radio chemists, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann would pioneer that the result of the splitting an atom concluded in lighter elements. They