(Rodreyer, Smith) The creation of the bomb was considered by many scientists during the 1930’s and 1940’s. Mainly because It was thought that another force would be creating a mass destructive device similar to what the scientists had in mind. This whole project took a course of several years and much dedication. This project is known as, “The Manhattan Project.” The Manhattan Project was the code name for the U.S. creation of the atomic bomb during World War Two. An atomic bomb is a powerful explosive weapon that derives its force from the sudden release of energy in a nuclear reaction called fission, or splitting, of the nuclei of such heavy elements as plutonium and uranium.
With the bomb came advances in technology, the possibility to end millions of lives, and the beginnings of the Cold War. Behind Truman were three important factors that influenced his decision: the scientists who created the bomb, the geopolitics and politicians circling the bomb, and the general military outlook involving the bomb. From each of these key perspectives, the decision is shown to be influenced far more by politics and persons than the battle of Okinawa. To evaluate this claim, the scientists and their influence on the decision must first be examined. 1 Scientist Interventions The U.S’s introduction to the atomic bomb was through the renowned physicist Albert Einstein and
In order to end the conflict of the World War II, a weapon that surpassed all other conventional weapons of that time would need to be created. In 1939, rumors of Nazi Germany pursuit to manufacture an atomic bomb and insure their victory in the war terrified the scientist that sought refuge in America. It also heightened the urgency for America to create the atomic bomb first. Albert Einstein was the one of those refugee scientists that was alerted to Germany's intent and wrote letters
LSD: An Opportunity For a Medical Breakthrough During the 1940’s the United States was crippled with drawbacks. At a time of confusion and lost hope, scientific discovery transformed the way everyone looked at the world. The Atomic Bomb was discovered by the United States in an effort to end World War II. This discovery was an astonishing breakthrough in technology that changed people’s perspective on human life. What if a similar component such as an atom used in the atomic bomb, could not only change the world, but the human mind, as we know it?
“It wasn’t necessary to hit them with that awful thing” – Dwight Eisenhower Discuss this quote in relation to historian’s views on the United States decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. On August 6th and August 9th 1945, atomic weapons were used as weapons for the first and only time in human history. President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan has since created some of the most controversial debates in history. Historians have been divided since that day, as to whether or not it was necessary to drop the atomic bombs, and what the real reasons for dropping them were. In fact, the debates behind using the atomic bombs against Japan began even before the decision was made.
(2) Why did it happen? The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in 1945. The two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date. Following a firebombing campaign that destroyed many Japanese cities, the Allies prepared for a costly invasion of Japan. The war in Europe ended when Nazi Germany signed its instrument
The Making of a Bomb On August 6th and 9th, 1945, two explosions leveled the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The brute destructive force of the atomic bomb was the likes of which had never been seen before. The path taken to bring this marvel to fruition was paved with moral scruples and encompassed the collaboration of thousands of brilliant scientist along with allocation of billions of dollars. The massive undertaking was all kept secret under the Umbrella of the US government’s top secret project, code named “the Manhattan Project.” How is it that a seemingly dooms-day device came to be and what challenges did this endeavor encounter? I plan to explore the makings of the new class of weapon that intimidated nations and presented unparalleled threats to which the world had never experienced before.
However, the arms race acted as a strong deterrent through promise of 'Mutually Assured Destruction' and also creating a limited war due to the capacity of the nuclear weapons. The nuclear arms race made the world a more dangerous place; it evoked a threat coming from the two world superpowers. The destruction capacities of this developed nuclear weapon have increased thousand times more than the atomic bomb. The world greatly changed when the USA exploded the Hydrogen bomb in 1952; following by the Russians creation of the Hydrogen bomb in 1953 this led to the world becoming a much more dangerous place. This stimulated the arms race and creating a resilient competitive atmosphere between the world powers.
Such a poor choice this was, to split the nuclei of atoms. When the U.S. developed the first atomic bomb in the 1940s, other countries soon followed. Relations with Russia had been strained since the 1890s, even as allies in the second world war, and as the United States and then Soviet Union began building stockpiles of nuclear weapons, tension broke out again. “"Cold war" is the term given to the competition, conducted through means short of direct military conflict, between the United States and the Soviet Union since World War II.”(Foner, p. 1). The threat of “mutually assured destruction” kept everyone on edge during this time, and has since lessened since the fall of the Soviet Union and end of the Cold War.
Madeline Stephens US History G1 Gardner 20 March 2015 Justification of the Atomic Bomb Following the end of World War II, debate has risen pertaining to the justification of the use of the atomic bomb. The discussion has revolved specifically around the bombing of Japan, in which the first atomic bomb in history was deployed. The USA dropped two atomic bombs on Japan during the final weeks of the Second World War beginning with a uranium gun-type bomb, Little Boy, on the city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, followed by a plutonium implosion-type bomb, Fat Man, on the city of Nagasaki on August 9,1945. This resulted in the end of a dark period that entailed the most costly conflict, in terms of life, in history. The threat of atomic