I also think the play highlights the importance of families; especially fathers. We learn Edward has grown up in a safe, secure family; however his father is constantly away at work, so it is left to Mrs Lyons to look after Edward by herself. Mickey’s life is also similar, in the way that he never has a father figure around, however he does have a kind, loving mother, who would do anything for her children. The absence of fathers allows Willy Russell to focus on motherhood, and how, no matter what happens, a mother will always be there for her child; even if their father
He therefore adopts the role his father has left him and wants to provide for his mother. The lack of a father-figure meant that Jack had to create one “out of dreams and memories”. This further highlights his neglect and isolation which evokes fondness for Jack as he is only a child, but has to deal with more than what people have to
The author takes from his own experiences and shows us what it would have been like to live during this time period as an average American. Both of these novels work to explain the motivations of the working class, but do so in very different ways. Overall, The 42’nd Parallel focuses quite a bit more on the working class than Howard’s end does. Five separate characters are followed, each with a different set of ideals and goals. The novel takes place during the somewhat international movement for better conditions and pay for the working class.
A new breed of middle and upper class where fighting their way into the limelight, and seeking to be social accepted. “Marxist Terry Eagleton posits a complex and contradictory relationship between the landed gentry and aristocracy, the traditional power-holders, and the capitalist, industrial middle classes, who were pushing for social acceptance and political power. Simultaneously with the struggle among these groups, an accommodation was developing based on economic interests”. Both writers came from middle class families although Charles Dickens did suffer hardship for a short period of time. Dickens and Bronte both have expressed their views on class segregation and the effect that it has on people.
Considered a lasting classic, this story tells the tale of an orphaned boy named Pip, who after living a cruel and unfortunate childhood, comes suddenly into a magnificent fortune, and is embedded with the great expectations of leaving his lowly village, and becoming a high society gentleman. It is through this pressing plot that Dickens brings to light, the deep social stratosphere that once ruled his great nation. The social separation between the working class and the wealthy in Great Expectations psychologically encompasses each individual’s mind and results in discrimination through the characters’ sense of materialism, opportunity and aspiration, and physical work. To begin with, throughout the story, materialism plays a highly influential role in how the characters and classes judge each other. The possessions that each person owns, and the way in which they act, clearly mark and divide them according to the popular sense of what is fashionable and appropriate for the times.
Throughout human history, many key issues have remained constant in society. Charles Dickens in his 1837 text Oliver Twist utilises an ironic tone, symbolism, emotive and descriptive language to reveal the plights of the lower classes in Victorian England. Similarly, Danny Boyle in his 2009 film Slumdog Millionaire uses a broad range of film techniques to reveal the social injustices of modern day Mumbai, India, which is undergoing similar social changes to those seen in Victorian era England, both due to rapid industrialisation. It is the constancy of the issues of social class inequalities, spatial inequalities and the inability to turn away from crime over time represented in both Oliver Twist and Slumdog Millionaire which allows them both to speak to us, even over their differentiating time periods. Social class inequalities are one of the central themes revealed in both Oliver Twist and Slumdog Millionaire.
Through many of the stories that Dickens wrote, the true condition of the empire is exposed. Through the pages of “A Small Star in the East”, the poverty stricken lifestyle is truly given to the reader through his exceptional use of imagery and metaphors. A true sense of the lives of the families in industrious areas and the living conditions of the masses is written in such a way that truly impacts the reader. Dickens writes “A squalid maze of streets, courts, and alleys of miserable houses let out in single rooms. A wilderness of dirt, rags, and hunger.” (727-28).
Here the ‘chimneysweeper’s cry’ represents the lower class children who at the time were paid minimum wage to undertake the dangerous job. This links in with the ‘blackening church’ which represents the upper class and seems to encourage the practise. Also, the ‘hapless soldier’s sigh’ conveys how the poorer people tended to be exploited with the onomatopoeic ‘sigh’ illustrating the lack of hope or a sense of giving up and presumably his last breath. Blake reiterated the ‘hapless’ nature of the poor class with ‘blood down the palace walls’ using dark imagery to display the stark contrast of those whose lives are sacrificed for the wealthy, in this case the monarchy. The use of colour imagery as well such as ‘blackening’ corrupts the stereotypical view of the purity of the church and possibly the death of the ‘chimney sweepers’.
In London, Artful Dodger and his boys are living in poverty and picking pockets to survive. Charles Dickens uses vivid imagery when describing Fagin, “loathsome reptile” and as having “fangs such as should have been a dog’s or rat’s”. Fewer named character would make the story less confusing without losing any relevant meaning. Charles Dickens uses realism to portray a time in London that is riddled with poverty and crime. His characters are captivating; Bill Sikes is atrocious and Oliver Twist is heartwarming.
I didn’t get the chance to talk to my mom before she passed in 1998. But even though she is not here; I know she knows everything I have gone through and she is proud of me. My dad is just my dad … we talk, but not as much now that I have moved away. I know he loves me and wants only the best for me. I was not running away from anyone or anything, I was running to my future, as I look back now.