However he was on of Verres’ ex- quaestors who attempted to delay the proceedings therefore helping Verres’ defence team by delaying the start of the trial. Cicero did win the case in the end as a result of a powerful speech outlining the reasons why he, and not Caecilius should prosecute the case. Verres had a strong system of supporters that consisted of the Caecilli Metelli, they were a noble family that were very politically active with optimate learnings. Cicero’s methods in collecting
Flag this Question Question 18 1 pts Among the dangerous military innovations of Marius threatening the Republic was his use of Greek mercenaries. Recruitment of destitute volunteers who swore an oath of allegiance only to him. theft the state treasury's tax revenues to buy weapons. proclamation of himself as dictator for life. all the above Flag this Question Question 19 1 pts The Twelve Tables was the meeting place of the Roman Senate.
So, to achieve his end goal (the good of the state and not his own benefit), he courted the Senate and the people by upholding the republican traditions of Rome (to appear that he was not aspiring to monarchy), all while gradually increasing his power. He accepted partial control of the provinces of Rome by the Senate after feigning disinterest in having any control of the provinces. Shrewdly, he was able to acquire provinces that stationed the majority of the legions of Rome, while the Senate's control over the other Roman provinces helped maintain the illusion of a dual republican rule. Octavian was then given the titles Augustus (meaning 'the exalted') and Princeps (chief or leader) by the
The only enemies that the Romans might have faced were the Carthaginians, whom they eventually defeated. Second the Roman government ran under a republic or as we know it today an oligarchy. In Roman government like the Athenian government in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. You see Carthaginians were very much alike both relying on their sea based power to suppress any retaliating
There is a letter by Marcus Tullius Cicero, dated 18 December 50 B.C. This letter was written to his friend Atticus on the eve of the Roman Civil War. He wrote as follows: "The political situation alarms me deeply, and so far I have found scarcely anybody who is not for giving Caesar what he demands rather than fighting it out." To explain the situation in brief, G. Julius Caesar had demanded the right to circumvent the Roman constitution, to break laws with impunity, to extend his command over a large army by using that army to threaten the Senate of Rome. "And why should we start standing up to him now?"
drive Carthage out of Sicily, and to do this, they had to have a sea fleet. Unfortunately, Sicily was at the centre of the conflict and so it was nearly ruined by the long war and in particular by the cost of great sieges. With good fortune, the Roman first army might be closed in Africa, and destroyed there like that of Regulus in the First Punic
In Piedmont, King Victor Emmanuel I returned and took on a reactionary policy; he even went as far as destroying roads and gaslights that Napoleon had put in place- he was very much regressive. This was similar to the situation in Naples and Sicily, as King Ferdinand restricted his people and slowly made the state more and more under developed as public work was stopped. In 1820, news of the Spanish revolution encouraged the people to take action in Naples. King Victor fled the country when some of the army took sides with the rebels such as General Pepe. A new government was then appointed and it seemed that the revolution was a success Over in Sicily, prisoners were released and offices were burned as there was a demand for constitution- finally the revolutionaries sent the Neapolitan governor home and took over the city.
Excerpts from Plutarch’s Life of Caesar. However, the Romans gave way before the good fortune of the man and accepted the bit, and regarding the monarchy as a respite from the evils of the civil wars, they appointed him dictator for life. This was confessedly a tyranny, since the monarchy, besides the element of irresponsibility, now took on that of permanence. 2 It was Cicero who proposed the first honours for him in the senate, and their magnitude was, after all, not too great for a man; but others added excessive honours and vied with one another in proposing them, thus rendering Caesar odious and obnoxious even to the mildest citizens because of the pretension and extravagance of what was decreed for him. 3 It is thought, too, that the
The reign of Tiberius (b. 42 B.C., d. A.D. 37, emperor A.D. 14-37) is a particularly important one for the Principate, since it was the first occasion when the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by somebody else. In contrast to the approachable and tactful Augustus, Tiberius emerges from the sources as an enigmatic and darkly complex figure, intelligent and cunning, but given to bouts of severe depression and dark moods that had a great impact on his political career as well as his personal relationships. His reign abounds in contradictions. Despite his keen intelligence, he allowed himself to come under the influence of unscrupulous men who, as much as any actions of his own, ensured that Tiberius's posthumous reputation would be unfavourable; despite his vast military experience, he oversaw the conquest of no new region for the empire; and despite his administrative abilities he showed such reluctance in running the state as to retire entirely from Rome and live out his last years in isolation on the island of Capri.
The military reforms of Gaius Marius resulted in soldiers often having more loyalty to their commander than to the city, and a powerful general could hold the city and Senate ransom. This led to civil war between Marius and his protegé Sulla, and culminated in Sulla's dictatorship of 81–79 BC. In the mid-1st century BC, three men, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus, formed a secret pact—the First Triumvirate—to control the Republic. After Caesar's conquest of Gaul, a stand-off between Caesar and the Senate led to civil war, with Pompey leading the Senate's forces. Caesar emerged victorious, and was made dictator for life.