How significant was the role of Vespasian in the Claudian conquest of Britain 43-47AD? The role of Vespasian in the Claudian conquest of Britain cannot be undermined. Commanding the second legion, he skilfully quelled the tribes of the South West of England, conquered the isle of Vectis [The Isle of Wight], built roads and constructed naval bases including the, what was to be, the Roman capital in Britain and a model for Roman life, Chichester, all through his excellence as a military leader. Despite his obvious successes, we must question whether Vespasian can be given all the credit. Plautius, the roman general of the time was also very instrumental in the invasion, there is speculation as to whether Vespasian was heavily under his influence and perhaps deserves less credit for his actions.
“Asses the significance of the North African campaign in the Allied victory in WWII” The North African Campaign was a key part of World War II as it was the first real defeat on Germany, allowing the allies to attack, and ultimately pulled them further away from victory in the East. The significant elements from the North African campaign for the allied victory in WWII included; it assured the British still gained control of the Suez canal, the creation of the United States involvement into the war, the tactical significance, Germany had to fight a 3 front war. The conflict in North Africa rose around Italy’s eagerness to utilise Germany’s 6-week successful invasion of France and make an impact on the war. In September 1940 Italian General Graziani invaded British colony of Egypt sparking the campaign. Italy did not hold a threat to the British until March 1941 when German Africa Korps counterattacked under the command of General Rommel.
This is Thucydides' own final judgment. Peloponnesian War: Phase 1 (431-427) In a war between the main military and main naval powers in Greece a decisive result was unlikely to occur quickly. When the Spartans invaded, the rural population of Attica moved into the city. Athens became an island impregnable to attack. Its great fleet would secure the empire against revolts from within and attacks from without and take the offensive to raid the Peloponnesian coast.
The aim was to sail straight through the precarious Dardanelles unchallenged and capture the capital of the Ottoman Empire, Constantinople, therefore forcing the Turks out of the World War 1. This was a very ambitious strategy, which in retrospection was too simplistic. There were too many factors opposing the success of this campaign. The Dardanelles, being quite a narrow stretch of water, could be easily defended with only a few well placed sea mines and strategically positioned artillery. After the loss of 3 battleships on March the 18th, it was decided that the aid of the army would be required to defeat the forts that guarded the straits.
In regards to almost every failure and success incurred by the state of Rome, the deciding factor was almost always the military at the core. To put it short, it was the use of effective and successful doctrines and strategies that made the victories of Roman militaries as pervasive as they were. It is argued by many that the success of the Roman Empire, considered by many to be the greatest empire in history, was due to its military power. This paper will trace the history of the Roman Military from the early periods of Rome to its many reformation with later emphasized the tactics used by the famous Legions of Rome. Beginnings Davis 2 Under the Etruscan Ruler Tarquin, in mid-700 B.C., the Roman army was formed.
Q) Asses the role of the navy in the first Punic war During the first Punic war (264 to 241 BC) The role of the navy was extremely important. The navy played a major rolein the 1st punic war. Whichever nation held the balance of power and influence throughout the Mediterranean needed an effective maritime force. As the established power in the Mediterranean benefited grately from having a strong naval force. It Became clear between the two Empires quite early in conflict that whichever side held naval dominance would win the war due to certain and significant factors such as the importance of islands i.e.
Caesar’s military prowess and his reforms crafted him into the extraordinary person that historians all recognize as great. When Caesar created the First Triumvirate alongside Pompey and Crassus, he was allotted the Roman lands of Cisalpine Gaul, Narbonese Gaul, and Illyricum in addition to four legions of about five thousand soldiers each (Source 1). Caesar immediately put his army to use by invading, and eventually conquering all of Gaul. Although his army was physically smaller and often outnumbered, his superior fighting tactics allowed his army to defeat the Celts. Another beneficial factor towards Caesar’s conquest was the disunity of the Gallic tribes, which was reminiscent of the Greek city-states.
In August 1940 Winston Churchill made his speech about ‘Never in the field of human conflict has so much been owed by so many to so few’. This describes effectively the importance of the RAF on winning the Battle of Britain. The Battle of Britain was a huge triumph for the RAF and Britain over Hitler as it was the first time he had ever been beaten. It proved to the other countries that were under attack by Hitler, or had been taken over by, that Germany could be defeated. In the act of Britain standing up to Germany with it not mattering if we were outnumbered and not fully prepared, showed them that if you stand up to Germany and dig deep and not give you will come through against his vast army.
Discuss the causes and origins of the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War was a long and brutal affair involving Sparta and its allies and the Athenian empire. The war was fought over supremacy in Greece but was also a struggle of opposing political systems and outlooks. There was division, within city states themselves, particularly Athens, over whether to go to war and then how to fight it. Sparta was eventually the victor of the conflict but at a terrible price to Greece.
During Alexander’s reign as the King of Macedon he reformed much of his fathers military techniques and refined them to make them more effective. Before the age of mechanical force armies had to rely on the force that people could exert to push forward through the enemy lines. Alexander’s army used an adapted version of the phalanx that the Athenians were famous for years prior to Alexander’s time. Alexander, like many leaders of the time used the Phalanx as a way of smashing through the enemy front lines. An example of the strength of Alexander’s army occurred at the Battle of Issus, ‘A disciplined mass of, thirty thousand armed and armored men running in tight formation would have hit the Persian line with a force equivalent to twenty-five tons moving at 15