The pyramids of Egypt are the best known example of Egyptian architecture. According to the ancient Egyptian belief, pyramids were built to protect the bodies of Egypt kings and royalty for their life after death. Pyramids can be defined as large structures with four triangular sides that meet in a point at the top, directly over the centre of the pyramid’s square base. There are approximately 110 pyramids currently known in Egypt, most of them in bad condition and almost destroyed and others that have remained unfinished. The first pyramid built that was similar to a true pyramid, was built during the 3rd Dynasty – 2630 B.C.
Pyramids at Giza The Giza pyramids are one of the most known earliest and most known pieces of architecture to man, and are main structures of Egyptian architecture. The pyramids at Giza are also one of the seven wonders of the world. The pyramids were thought to be a resting place for Pharoahs, who were also known as the “divine” and human leaders of the Egyptian people, and were built so high to show a closeness to heaven. The size and the precision of how they were built created an unending fascination for the pyramids. The pyramids at Giza are shown to be the pinnacle of Egyptian architecture through the meaning and construction behind the pyramids.
Great Pyramid of Giza From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [pic] The Great Pyramid of Giza, in 2005. Built c. 2560 B.C., it is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis. The Great Pyramid of Giza (also called the Khufu's Pyramid, Pyramid of Khufu, and Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramidsin the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt, and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian King Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
The Mayans lived on the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico; and their classical period was from 200 - 900 C.E. The Mayans had an astonishing civilization because of their rich culture and intellect. In a civilization, a reasonably
Student: Loginova Tatyana Group: IYA12-01B (A) The description of the Ennis House The Ennis House is one of the most famous buildings in Los Angeles. It was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright for Mabel and Charles Ennis in 1923. The house is situated on a hill and this fact adds greatness to its view. The building consists of several concrete blogs. Its design is based on ancient Mayan temples.
The pyramids are closely connected to Egyptian religion. According to Donald Redford, professor of Classics and ancient Mediterranean studies at Penn State, “The ancient Egyptians probably chose the distinctive form for the pharaoh’s tombs because of their solar religion. The Egyptian sun god, Ra…was said to have created himself from a pyramid-shaped mound of earth” (qtd. in “How”). In fact, Redford says that “The Egyptians began using the pyramid from shortly after 2700 BC, and the great heyday of constructing them for royalty extended for about a thousand years, until 1700 BC” (qtd.
At its peak, the Sacred Precinct had seventy-eight buildings. Nevertheless, the Templo Mayor was always the tallest structure, pre-eminent in all periods. Rescued from the depths of the earth, the remains of the Great Temple stand just outside the Museum; remember, at this moment we are now at the Center of the Universe. Templo Mayor Broadly speaking, the Templo Mayor was the largest and most important building. In the last stage, dating to the time of the arrival of the Spaniards, the pyramidal platform was composed of four sloped tiers with a passage between each level, built on a great platform that measured approximately 80 x 100 meters.
Chichen Itza which means “at the mouth of the well of Itza “, is the 2nd most visited archeological site of Mexico today. It is located midway between Merida and Cancun in the northeast part of the Yucatan Peninsula and was built from 800-1000 AD. Chichen Itza is filled with many ceremonial structures such as El Castillo, The Great Ball Court, The Sacred Cenote, Platform of Eagle & Jaguar, Temple of the Jaguar, The Observatory, Venus Temple, The Temple of 1000 Warriors (columns), The Market, Casa del Venado and The Ossuary. Possibly the best known construction in Chichen Itza is El Castillo (Kukulcan Pyramid). El Castillo, whose literal translation is “the castle,” is a square-based, stepped pyramid that is approximately 75 feet tall.
The votive statue of Eannatum has pearl type inlays and a modern bitumin inlay. The statue is Sumerian, which is the earliest civilization known to history and is known as modern day Iraq. It was once a part of Mesopotamia, the region where agriculture and cities first developed. One of the oldest forms of writing was cuneiform and during the Early Dynastic period, both temples and private residencies shared architectural concepts (Amiet). These residencies were housed to kings and priests, and they are the iconographies in the images in art.
The Egyptian pyramids, One of the great wonders of the world, these architectural wonders is one of the many things the Egyptian's are famous for. The architecture that was coming out of Egypt at the time were these huge structures that would take about 20 years to build, being built with huge blocks of sun-dried and kiln-baked bricks, fine sandstone, limestone and