Zoser, Khufu, and Ramses the Second where considered to be the Mightiest Pharaohs. Starting with zoser and the step pyramid, which for at the time was a gigantic achievement. No other structure at the time could surpass it. Next was Khufu, and the great pyramid of Giza. Giza was so grand it was said that it was a staircase to the sun.
The Old Kingdom, also known as the pyramid age, contains Dynasty Three through Dynasty Six (2700-2190). The Old Kingdoms contribution to ancient Egypt was that they built many cities and many pyramids; this is why it’s known as the pyramid age. Also they expanded in trade, as well as set up a strong government for the future. Pharaohs during this time had absolute power over everything and were looked upon as Gods on Earth. The Old Kingdom starts to decline with Pepy II’s 90 year reign.
A question that appears to be very interesting is how the Mayans became highly civilized, even though civilized cultures started around Agrarian time (6500). The ancestors of the Mayans were hunters but about 2,500 BC they adopted farming as a way of life. In the years from 300 BC to 250 AD organized Mayan kingdoms emerged. Then from 250 AD to 600 AD an advanced civilization emerged. The Mayans invented writing and they made great advances in astronomy and mathematics.
Between 2000 and 250 B.C.E., (Pre Classic Period) the Mayan villages were established in coastal areas of southern Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. (Brown, R. W., 2008) The Mayans built temples containing carvings that represented Venus and the Sun. By 250 B.C. to 900 C.E., (Classic Period) the Mayans had matured into a great civilization. The Mayans developed farming methods, traded expanded between the different Mayan cities, and the population is estimated to have grown to over two million people.
One of the biggest contributions to civilization by the Sumerians, Egyptians, and Hebrews was the invention of agriculture. The Sumerians were a people who lived in the southern portion of Mesopotamia from around 3500 B.C. to 1800 B.C. The Sumerian people lived in twelve city states, famous among which are Sumer and Ur. Kestner states: Sumerian language is possibly the most important aspect of Sumerian culture, and the one that has had the most lasting impact on the modern world and history.
These people were skilled carvers, they carved stone, jade and volcanic rock basalt which was used for their great stone heads. The calendar used for centuries in Mexico also originated with the Olmec. Their astronomy was carried on by later groups who were obsessed with the timing of religious ritual, as the Mayans and Aztec would be after them. The Olmec culture’s writing was developed in terms of symbols and pictograms, which was very unique. They were advanced with trade routes, had advanced infrastructures, and just were highly untouched.
It is though understood by most researchers that the huge heads and a number of other sculptures represent their leaders. However, they have not yet found anything to document regarding leadership like the case with Maya society, which named the exact leaders and provide their respective reigning dates. Alternatively, archaeologists had to depend on the little information gathered to document the community’s social systems. This information provided indication of substantial centralization within the Olmec region, first at La Venta and then San Lorenzo. No other Olmec locations come close to these in terms the amount and superiority of structural designs and architecture.
Most babies are fine, or may just need to be watched for a while. If the baby does need some help, the midwife may just have to give him some oxygen or clear out his airways to help her breathe. Shortly afterwards, the midwife will weigh Chloe and measure the circumference of her head. These measurements will later be entered into the developmental charts in his Personal Child Health Record, or "Red Book", which the health visitor will give to the mother when the baby is about 10 days old. This will let her mother track her progress as she grows.
Rudolfe Schaffer and Peggy Emerson (1964) studied sixty babies at monthly intervals for the first eighteen months of life; and a regular pattern was identified in the development of attachment (Hardy, S. 1995). They discovered that attachment developed in the following sequence:- Birth to six months - this is the indiscriminate attachment phase, the newborn is predisposed to attach to any human; most babies respond equally to any caregiver. After four months - preference for certain people; infants learn to distinguish primary and secondary caregivers, but still except care from anyone. After seven months - special preference for a single attachment figure; the baby looks to particular people for security and comfort; they show fear of strangers and unhappiness when separated from a special person. After nine months – multiple attachment; the baby becomes increasingly independent and forms several attachments.