An ischemic stroke is usually characterized by a reduction or obstruction of blood supply to the brain due to blocked blood vessels caused by atherosclerosis or a blood clot. Up to twelve percent of ischemic strokes often cause death within thirty days and is among the largest health burdens in developed countries. It is worth noting that the epidemiology of stroke has been changing because of several factors, with the most important being an ageing population, as well as advancements in the treatment of the condition. Stroke prevalence is projected to increase globally as the population of individuals aged above sixty-five years augments (Ovbiagele et al., 2013, p. 2363). Ovbiagele et al.
They face difficulties resuming parenting responsibilities, difficulties assessing assistance and high legal costs. All of this combined with their older age results in social, financial and health problems. Local, State and National Levels On the national level in 2000, “More than 3.9 million grandparents are raising their grandchildren in their homes. Overall, about 5.4 million children nationwide live with their grandparents. In fact, one in 10 grandparents has been the primary support of a grandchild at some time in their lives” (Doucette-Dudman, 2000).
It referenced that within the next 5 years about 15% of the total count will be over 65 years old. It went on further to reveal that there will be an increase in the number of cancer cases. Half of men within the population will develop cancer in their life time while 1/3 of women will. The assessment indicated that there will be a spike in new cancer cases. It pointed out that that new cancer cases will grow by 34% moving from 3,200 to 4,282 this year The resources to treat, prevent and diagnose cancer are stressed.
In the case of Kate she is withdrawn from using health care services because of the low self-esteem. She feels like she will be judged or looked down on because of her condition. By Kate not getting the care/ attention she is putting herself in danger. There are many other repercussions of low self-esteem such as self-hate. Self-hate is a very concerning matter and can lead people similar to Kate to become
Everyone else may have to wait quite a while before being seen. In fact, the average wait for emergency treatment nationwide is about two hours. Demand for ED visits is on the rise and EDs are becoming overcrowded largely due to reduced inpatient capacity and impaired patient flow. The Institute of Medicine reports that American ED visits grew more than twice as fast as population between 1993 and 2003, and that 60% of hospitals operated at or over capacity in 2001. Several factors likely contribute to the rise in ED use, such as the increase in elderly and chronically ill Americans, overworked or lack of primary care
Holmes and Rahe notices that many patients, in particular those with heart disease, reported significant life events in the preceding year. They introduced the concept of a life event as a change in life circumstances requiring a degree of adjustment on the part of the individual. To rate the impact of different events they asked 394 people to compare 43 life events with marriage in terms of the degree of adjustment necessary. Death of a spouse was rated as the event that requires the most adjustment, and is therefore the most stressful with divorce and marital separation following but a long way behind. At the bottom was holidays and Christmas.
Posada (2003) explains that some older adults often experience changes in their physical and cognitive abilities, their health (decreased visual and auditory abilities) and their levels of mobility. This can result in them feeling out of place in society due to the fact that their surroundings are not designed with them in mind. However as we are living in an aging population there is a need for products to be designed with older people in mind. WHO (1998a) anticipate that by 2025 1 in 10 of the world’s population will be over 65, and worldwide life expectancy will have reached 73 years. Therefore, designers need to produce products that include the older and disabled population as the targeted user.
How does ageism influence the presence of diversity in society? Ageism is a type of discrimination that involves prejudice against people based upon their age. Encyclopedia.com say that ageism refers to a deep and profound prejudice against the elderly. Society has a stereotypic and often negative perception of older people society is unwilling to see seniors as vital and active contributors far beyond traditional retirement age, and many older individuals absorb this concept into their own mind-sets. Society has almost no positive expectations of the elderly.
THE NEED FOR HIGHLY EDUCATED NURSES Abstract The Need for Highly-Educated Nurses In the 21st century, the health challenges facing the nation have shifted dramatically. The American population is older—Americans 65 and older will be nearly 20 percent of the population by 2030—as well as more diverse with respect not only to race and ethnicity but also other cultural and socioeconomic factors. In addition to shifts in the nation’s demographics, there also have been shifts in that nation’s health care needs. Most health care today relates to chronic conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and mental health conditions, due in part to the nation’s aging population and compounded by increasing obesity levels. While chronic conditions account for most of the care needed today, the U.S. health care system was primarily built around treating acute illnesses and injuries, the predominant health challenges of the early 20th century.
According to the Alzheimer’s Association 2011 Alzheimer’s Diseases Facts and Figures, “Alzheimer’s is the sixth-leading cause of death in the country and the only cause of death among the top 10 in the United States that can not be prevented, cured or even slowed. An estimated 5.4 million people are living with the disease, and someone develops the disease every 69 seconds” (www.alz.org). The continuing rise of health care costs and the threat of public assistance being taken away are weekly, if not daily, stories present in the media. Elderly adults and their families are being faced with difficult decisions about how to determine the type of elder care needed, what types of care are available, and what type or types of elder care they can afford. In light of this, and the psychological and emotional benefits believed to be gained by allowing elderly persons to remain in their homes, many families are considering home care as a possible option for their loved ones.