The Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty

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The decline and fall of the Romanov Dynasty Good morning. Today I am going to talk about the reasons for the decline and fall of the Romanov dynasty. Personally, I think the decisions made by Tsar Alexander II and Nicholas II were the main reasons for the decline and fall of the Romanov Dynasty. Firstly, I would discuss the long term causes. The reforms made by Alexander II after the Crimea Wars were the long term causes that later threatened the Tsar’s position. Tsar Alexander II’s reform to industrialise Russia led to the rise of the middle and the working class. Under him, inflow of western ideas further led to the growth of political parties. His creation of zemstvos introduced election into Russia. All these led to the increase in demand for more democracy and affect the wellbeing of the Romanov dynasty. Secondly, I would discuss about the medium-term causes. They include the defeat in the Russo-Japanese war, the creation of duma, and the failure of political reforms because of Tsar Nicholas II’s firm decision of never giving up autocratic power. In 1905, the defeat in the Russo-Japanese war led to a series of social unrest, such as formation of soviets, general strikes and political killings. These photos are evidence of what some people did to express their dissatisfactory in1905, one about a demonstration and one about a train turned over by some striking workers. These led to the Tsar’s proposal of the October Manifesto, which included policies such as an elected Duma, freedom of speech, and political parties were made legal. At first, this satisfied many people, especially the middle class and liberals. However, not everyone was satisfied. The nobility did not gain any power and the freedom of speech on the Russian public was restricted. Also no policies were established to solve the problems of workers. After that, the Tsar still believed he
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