The Chemistry of Life

916 Words4 Pages
The Chemistry of Life ANSWER KEY Section 2–1 The Nature of Matter (pages 35–39) This section identifies the three particles that make up atoms. It also explains how atoms of the same element can have a different number of neutrons and describes the two main types of chemical bonds. Atoms (page 35) 1. The basic unit of matter is called a(an) atom . It is the center of an atom, made up of protons and 2. Describe the nucleus of an atom. neutrons. 3. Complete the table about subatomic particles. SUBATOMIC PARTICLES Particle Charge Location in Atom Proton - Positive - Nucleus Neutron - Neutral - Nucleus Electron - Negative- Surrounding nucleus 4. Why are atoms neutral despite having charged particles? Atoms have equal numbers of electrons and protons, and these subatomic particles have equal, but opposite, charges. Elements and Isotopes (page 36) 5. What is a chemical element? A chemical element is a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom. 6. What does an element’s atomic number represent? It represents the number of protons in an atom of the element. 7. Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutrons they contain are known as isotopes. 8. How are isotopes identified? Isotopes are identified by their mass number. 9. Why do all isotopes of an element have the same chemical properties? They have the same chemical properties because they have the same number of electrons. Chemical Compounds (page 37) 10. What is a chemical compound? A chemical compound is a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements in definite proportions. 11. What does the formula for table salt indicate about that compound? The formula for table salt, NaCl, indicates that the elements from which table salt forms—sodium and chlorine—combine

More about The Chemistry of Life

Open Document