Assignment 1: Q1. THE CATCHER IN THE RYE After studying Holden’s actions throughout the novel The Catcher in the Rye, I believe he is incorrect in forming the belief that Mr. Antolini betrayed him. Holden jumps to the conclusion that Mr. Antolini is a “pervert” based on an incident where he wakes up in the middle of the night to find his old English teacher patting him on the head. This gesture, which appears perfectly platonic and fatherly, leads him to feel betrayed by one of the few people that he liked and trusted. It is clear that Holden misinterprets Mr Antolini’s action because of a number of factors, including his fascination with sex, his mistrusting, judgemental nature, the lack of affection in his life, his struggle with adolescence and his cynical outlook on adult life.
DEATH OF A SALESMAN In the play, Death of a Salesman, Willy Loman is, at first, set up as the character of the tragic hero. He has had goals and ambitions that he did not fulfill, and that his sons have not fulfilled, despite the pressure that he puts on them to accomplish his opinion of what success should be. However, as the story moves along, we see Willy’s tragic hero status decreasing substantially. As he desperately sifts through his past for some sort of actualization or realization, he only proves himself a to be failure, by the standards that he himself had set. There are a great many comparisons to be drawn from this play, and compared to the novel, The Great Gatsby.
I mean not wait till Wednesday or anything. I just didn’t want to hang around anymore. It made me too sad and lonesome.” (p. 49) As the protagonist suddenly decides to leave his dislikeable school behind, it is quite obvious that he has no real sense of direction in life; his decision is hasty and irresponsible and could be interpreted as an act of sudden desperation. Firstly, this confusion is reflected in Salinger’s description of the main character’s thread of cogitation. In an instant and without a moment’s hesitation, Holden changes his mind from thinking that he ‘might go down and see what old Mal Brossard was doing’ to deciding ‘what [he’d] really do,’ which is to ‘get the hell out of Pencey.’ This gives the impression that Holden is extremely rash in his decisions and that he relies on gut feeling alone to take action.
The author proves that Andy is looking back to his past and regretting joining the “Royals”. “I don’t want to die, he thought. I haven’t lived yet.” This proves that Andy is really young and is scared of dying. Andy regrets joining the “Royals” “The jacket was a stupid meaningless thing that was robbed him of his life.” In this short story the author shows that Andy is in love “He suddenly hungered for Laura’s mouth.”
An obvious thing they have in common is a dislike for one another that is stemmed from their ‘political rivalry’. These examples caused conflict that made their differences stand out even more. The boys being in the same age category and sharing a couple of views on living strategies didn’t cover up just how diverse they were. The first difference between them was how Jack had no respect for the rules the other boys agreed on. As the novel progressed Jack became more savage and in-humane while Ralph tried to keep the innocence he’ll never get back.
Bartleby is negatively impacted not by what he does, but by what he chooses not to do. He begins to noticeably lack enthusiasm in his performance at work as he copies “palely [and] mechanically.” (649) He soon after becomes a victim of his own passive resistance. He becomes known around the office for the paradoxical phrase, “I would prefer not to,” illustrating his unwillingness to work without blatant refusal. (649) His motives are a mystery to those around him. Like a dead letter, he seems to lose his purpose in life and alienates himself from humanity.
Books often depict characters caught between colliding cultures, because of national, regional, ethnic, religious and institutional differences. In Brave New World author Aldous Huxley, an often critical writer of social norms and ideals, introduces the reader to both a utopian society and an uncivilized one rooted with indian customs. John, a habitant of the indian society, is caught between the culture of a progressive civilization and his savage customs, which cause him to become desperate and eventually commit suicide. Progress always makes things simpler. This is something that John despises from civilization where he arrives, because things are too simple for everyone.
Though Huck's guardians, Miss Watson and Widow Douglas constantly tried to "sivilize" Huck, he repells, therefore exposing his lack of maturity. This lack of maturity however, is shown mainly in the beginning of the novel. Kohlberg spent years researching how an individual develops their own moral codes. He believed that a person's moral judgment is motivated by a need to avoid punishment. Though Huck knows his relations with Jim will be shunned by society, he takes a huge chance and puts his reputation on the line.
In the first stanza the persona is “haunted” by the postcard sent to him. The negative connotation suggests that the persona has encountered an uncomfortable experience and disturbs him, and he in unable to get rid of his past. His culture will always be waiting for him to establish a connection with it. The negative connotation of “haunt” is ironic because something so small and unsubstantial has a great impact on the persona. The postcard becomes a symbol of how distant his identity is from his culture.
He rarely gives himself credit for his good deeds, but rather criticizes himself for the bad ones. This can be quoted in the book when Pip says, “I ought to tell him the whole truth. Yet I did not, and for the reason that I mistrusted that if I did, he would think me worse than I was” (410). This quote highlights Pip’s character which shows guilt and low self-esteem. To add on, Pip sees himself as a dishonorable person which is seen when he says “he would think me worse that I was” (410).