They raised taxes from 10-50% and starved the populace to get the maximum profits. Nevertheless, the company continued to suffer financially, and influenced Parliament to pass the Tea Act in 1773 to lift import duties on tea shipped to the American colonies, which ultimately lead to the American War of Independence in April 1775. John Hancock was a merchant, statesman, and prominent Patriot of the Revolution. He served as president of the Second Continental Congress and was the first and third Governor of Massachusetts. Hancock began his political career in Boston as a protégé of Samuel Adams, an influential local politician, though the two men later became estranged.
Wendy Warner Intro to American Government William Schweers February 7, 2012 “Tea Party” The name “Tea Party” is a reference to the Boston Tea Party, a protest by colonists who objected to a British tax on tea in 1773 and demonstrated by dumping British tea taken from docked ships into the harbor. Some commentators have referred to the Tea in “Tea Party” as the backronym “Taxed Enough Already”. The Tea Party movement is a political movement in America aimed at clearly communicating to Washington its displeasure with government spending. The Tea Party movement has no central leadership, but is composed of a loose affiliation of national and local groups that determine their own platforms and agendas. The Tea Party movement has been cited as an example of grassroots political activity, although it has been described as an example of astroturfing.
As a result of the Stamp Act the sons and daughters of liberty were formed; they led resistance efforts to end the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act Congress, which aimed to prove to Britain that the colonists had a right to representation, also formed. The efforts of these organizations as well as boycotts by many colonists led to the repeal of the Stamp Act. At the same time the Stamp Act was repealed, the Declaratory Act, which gave Britain more control of colonial law, was passed. Shortly afterwards followed the Townshend Acts, which placed taxes on glass, paper, paint and tea.
The colonist of America to their self no bigger believed they were or wanted to be British citizens so the Americans dragged Britain in 1775 by starting the revolution and the creating their own government in 1776. The French revolution on the other hand was start by a group out of the third estate made of merchants, artisans and professional known as the bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie brake out in revolution due to tour major events: desire for a wider political role, the wish for -restraints on the power of clergy, monarchy and aristocracy, population growth and the Poor harvest of 1787-1788. The methods taken by the Americans and the French to achieve revolution were just as different as the causes of each revolution. On the American
The British throne, trying to pay off it's war debts and for the cost of protecting the colonists from local Native Americans, decided to impose taxes on the American colonists. There was the Revenue Act of 1764 (known to the US as the Sugar Act) that taxed sugar, silks, and wine, the Stamp Tax (imposed later because the Revenue Act did not bring in enough money) which taxed local papers and print services. The
The Boston Tea Party On December 16, 1773, an action called The Boston Tea Party was a direct action by the Sons of Liberty (Boston colonists) in Boston, a town in the British colony of Massachusetts against the British government and the East India Company that controlled all the tea imported in to the colonies. The Boston Thea Party arose from several issues confronting the British Empire: High taxes on tea, the Stamp Act, the Boston Massacre and the officials in Boston refused to send back the three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain. What the Sons of Liberty did, was that they boarded the ship at night and threw all the tea in to the sea. Within three hours 342 chests of tea were burst open and their contents emptied in to the sea. As you can see in this picture, the participants dressed up as moderate Indians, but did they really dress up?
The Proclamation of 1763 was the first to anger the colonist. In order to assure the Indians that settlers would not invade tribal lands, Britain emphasized colonist not to expand to the westward region. Shortly after, the use of writs of assistance, which allowed customs to search anywhere without the used of a warrant, placed a major infringement upon colonial natural rights. The Sugar Act (established at the same time) was an attempt to discourage smuggling by lowering the price of molasses below smugglers cost. It also stated that exports could only go through British ports before being sold to foreign countries.
Declaration of Independence In July 4, 1776 representatives of the Thirteen Colonies in North America announcing their separation from Great Britain and the United States was made. The thirteen were Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland, Georgia, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. The Declaration of Independence was the colonist’s reaction to King George’s III new policy of control over all the British America. America finally broke away from England to form a new alliance. Fifty six members of congress signed the Declaration.
In the ensuing months, mobs boarded East India Company tea ships in New York and Annapolis, preventing the landing of any tea. Colonists up and down the coast of North America continued to boycott East India Company tea. The Boston Tea Party had created a crisis between the colonists and Parliament. British officials condemned the action as vandalism and passed the Coercive Acts (1774), which curtailed self-government in Massachusetts and closed Boston's port until the colony paid for the tea. These harsh measures generated support and sympathy for the Boston radicals throughout the colonies.
The | | | |parliament only kept the tea tax | | | |▪four strict laws that gave the British a sense of more control over the |▪this caused the start of the revolutionary war | |Intolerable Acts |colonies. They closed down the port of Boston until the colonists paid for all | | | |of the tea they threw in to Boston harbor. | | | |▪they forbade any meetings without the governors permission |