He deemed paying a poll tax, which was the law, was unjust; therefore, Thoreau questioned it and didn't pay the tax. He argued for resistance to civil government when he was against an unjust law. Martin Luther King Jr., like Thoreau, believed in bettering the government, but also improving the living conditions for African Americans. King was an active member of the civil rights movement in the 1960s. He was arrested more than once for resisting the government.
Their basic altitudes towards the democracy and nonviolence conflict with each other. King’s own account of his philosophy of nonviolence indicated the extent to which he was influenced by Thoreau’s theoretical framework for thinking about civil disobedience and political obligation. Thoreau has confidence in democracy and the belief of unifying individuals of the society to realize it. However, Nietzsche overtly objected to democratic politics, with thinking that love, freedom and democracy are all the results of recognizing the right. Although democratic practices were on the way in the capitalist countries, he asserted that democratic politics possessed no advancement.
Assignment: Bias, Rhetorical Devices, and Argumentation Justin Stennett Com220 5/23/2010 Stacey Bagwell Bias, Rhetorical Devices, and Argumentation There are many fallacies that I have seen within this speech. Scapegoating is used when Kane implies that Boss Gettys is responsible for the economic and political downfall and accuses him of not caring about the ordinary citizen and not keeping his promises. Slippery Slope is also used in this speech, Kane implies that if Gettys continues to have control over the state that no one will watch out for the working class citizens. If Boss Gettys stays in office, he will face a decline due to Kane's vision of a dangerous future. The speech also uses the fallacy False Dilemma, Kane offers voters just 2 choices.
Jefferson didn’t believe in paying debts that came from foreign policies, and Hamilton believed that to be dangerous. In 1796, George Washington gave his “Farewell Address”. He tells the people before him that he will not be running for a third term, but he also provides a warning about political parties. He believes that these parties are “Evil” because of their effects. It causes small problems that aren’t needed, and they build up into riots and rebellion.
Zinn also uses an excerpt from historian Charles Beard to explain his reasoning. Beard basically said that the rich controls the government or the laws the government operates by. Zinn points out that the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights shows that quality of interest hides behind innocence. Meaning that Congress completely ignores the freedom of speech. Professor of history Gordon S. Wood views the struggle for a new constitution in 1787-1788 as a social conflict between upper-class Federalists who desired a stronger central government and the “humbler” Anti-Federalists who controlled the state assemblies.
In the end he says that in order to have a balanced government the majority must agree on justice. The historical significance of this article is, during this time if no separation of powers or checks and balances were enforced the government would have collapsed. If the powers were not limited; with time a certain person would end democracy and bring forth once again a tyranny government. It is also important that the government was equal yet had power to control its people because if not there would be no type of
In its place, the people should establish a government that is designed to protect those rights. Governments are rarely overthrown, and should not be overthrown for trivial reasons. In this case, a long history of abuses has led the colonists to overthrow a tyrannical government. The King of Great Britain, George III, is guilty of 27 specific abuses. The King interfered with the colonists' right to self-government and for a fair judicial system.
It would be a mistake if you were to eliminate the short story “Harrison Bergeron” by Kurt Vonnegut from your text Literature Textbook. “Harrison Bergeron” is a valued story with underlying themes that are still relevant in today’s society. Vonnegut’s story notifies Americans of the dangers of creating a truly equivalent society in which its citizens must sacrifice their individuality and freedom to the government in order to create a place where all men are supposedly created equal. As we read the short story we discover that equality does not create the model most people would have anticipated but instead it forms a society of mindless humans who are handicapped and harmed by the government all in the name of balance. The endless search for equality in “Harrison Bergeron” is established in today’s society as we pursue for different ways to balance and create equalness between individuals, races, and genders but we learn that this balance comes at a price.
Thoreau wrote the Essay on Civil Disobedience, in which he addressed the question, “when do larger moral imperatives justify violating a law supported by the majority”. His response was that when a law “… is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then, I say, break the law’’. This follows from basic English Common Law, in which you can do something as long as it doesn’t hurt someone else. Thoreau’s philosophy is that you disobey a command (law) when it is hurting someone else. Another area of his thinking is that government is symbolic of a ‘machine’, and man should commit non-violent disobedience to ‘gain access to the machine’.
The Political Compass test is set up like a survey; a person answers questions and then based on the answers given the results of the test will show where the person rates in an economic dimension and a social dimension in regards to the political scheme of things. On the social scale a “Left Authoritarian” means that what the government needs is more important than the individual citizens socially. A “Right Authoritarian” is someone whose views are extreme when it comes to the state economic views they feel the government is more important than the individual a good example of this type of person would be Pinochet who just to protect the free market was going to approve mass killing. If you are classified as a “Left Libertarian” then it means you feel that each individual is more important than the government on a social scale one good example of a left libertarian is Ghandi. A “Right Libertarian” is a person who does not want the government involved not for a social reason but rather because of a fiscal one; such as taxes the government charges a good example of a “right libertarian” is Milton Friedman.