As the project is twice as risky as the firm’s normal operations, it beta will be equal to 2 x 0.75 = 1.5: [pic] We will now use this required rate of return to calculate the NPV of the project: [pic] As the project has a positive NPV, it should be accepted. Question Five Consider an investment
Computed by deducting the cost of capital from the after-tax profit, it is said to be the best measure of the true profitability of an enterprise because it is tied to cash flow and not earnings per share. Many analysts would agree that EVA is more positively associated with a company’s stock price than ROE or EPS. Keith confirmed his findings with an industry analyst, which posed him with the decision of whether of not to implement this calculation into OSI accounting practices. Furthermore, would it be a beneficial tool to be used for evaluating the new manager’s incentive compensation plans? The EVA trend seems to be almost mandatory for the larger companies, but there is no reason that it shouldn’t work just as well for their smaller firm.
The basic answer is that share repurchases are great when the share price is undervalued, and not-so-great when the share price is overvalued. To put it into a more useful context, if you would otherwise reinvest your dividends or invest new capital into the company at current stock prices, then share repurchases are useful to you because the company basically does it for you. The alternative is that the company could pay you a higher dividend, but you’d be taxed on that dividend and reinvest it into the company anyway. On the other hand, if you would not reinvest dividends or invest new capital into the company at current prices, then share repurchases are not in alignment with your current outlook, and it would be better for you to receive a higher dividend. Something else to be considered is that when a company uses money for share repurchases when it could be paying a higher dividend instead, the company’s management is limiting your control and increasing theirs.
In Mr. Buffett`s opinion, intrinsic value is the present value of the future expected performance. It`s estimated calculating the discounted cash flow of a business during its remaining life. It`s important because the DCF is the only logical way to evaluate the attractiveness of a business or an investment. Other alternatives to intrinsic value fall short in determining whether an investor is indeed buying something which is really worth and is therefore truly operating on the most basic principle which is aggregating value. The $2.55 billion gain in Berkshire`s market value of equity and the 6.28% jump on Scottish Power`s stock means that the acquisition was a win-win situation, creating value for both companies.
Case Study: Nike 1. What is the WACC and why is it important to estimate a firm’s cost of capital? What does it represent? Is the WACC set by investors or by managers? The weighted average cost of capital is the maximum rate of return a firm must earn on its investment so that the market value of company's shares will not drop.
If she were risk-averse, which investments would she select? Why? If Sharon were risk-averse, she would select Investment X since it has the highest return and the lowest risk. “The attitude toward risk in which an increased return would be required for an increase in risk” (Gitman, 2009). c. If she were risk-seeking, which investments would she select?
An Apple share of stock is merely a claim on a portion of their future cash flow. Shareholders expect that Apple either profitably invest the cash they acquire or return it to the shareholders via dividends or by buying back shares. Apple CEO Tim Cook and his board of directors in November 2011 shelled out around $400 million worth of restricted stock units to their top talent . When employees exercise stock grants or options, shareholders suffer dilution, as these
If a fund has 100 percent turnover rate that means the fund manager, in theory has sold every single stock position once. Portfolio turnover is an important component to assess the management style of a fund. Each trade (buy/sell) costs brokerage commissions, even though mutual funds pay lower commissions than individual investors, it was observed that brokerage costs can account for 0.5% to 2% assets managed; smaller funds with high rates of portfolio turnover have higher costs. For tax purposes, brokerage commissions are considered as “capital costs” as they are considered part of the cost of the securities purchased and hence are not part of the Management Expenses Ratio. Trading expenses, which include brokerage
The RRR can also be called as the discount rate, hurdle rate or the opportunity cost of capital. NPV takes into account the principle in economics referred to as the “time value of money” which implies that a dollar earned today is more valuable than a dollar earned tomorrow. It is to be noted that projects with zero or positive NPV are acceptable to a company from a financial viewpoint as the return from these projects equals or exceeds the cost of capital. Internal rate of return (IRR) is the interest rate at which the net present value of all the cash flows (both positive and negative) from a project or investment equal zero. IRR represents the discount rate at which the present value of the expected cash inflows from a project equals the present value of the expected cash outflows.