Japan’s industrialized economy needed resources, which Japan believed they could obtain through the same methods of imperialism. Japan would use the same military might as exhibited by Europe and America but would control not only the governments of these countries but the people as well. The indigenous people of these regions would suffer due to the greed of the great powers and eventually gain a greater since of nationalism needed to overthrow their aggressors. India Britain took control of India after defeating France and the Indian government during the eighteenth century. India was considered the “jewel in the crown” of the British Empire.
The Spanish-American War The Spanish-American War was a small conflict between Spain and America that lasted from April to July of 1898. The war was the first step that the United States took to reach a great military and imperial power. A number of factors contributed to the U.S. decision to go to war against Spain. These factors included the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain, the sinking of the U.S Maine and the motivation for American imperialism. As a lot of Americans call it, the Spanish-American war was a splendid little war.
This mission included not only gaining land but also pushing forward the freedoms of mankind. O. Sullivan and Democrats alike supported this sentiment because their political belief was to annex land as soon as possible. Although this idea was popular among many, this popularity was not unanimous throughout the nation. For example, in a letter to one of the most influential Whigs, Henry Clay, William Channing wrote that America is a restless nation whose only goal is to boast about national growth and expansion. This is significant because it demonstrates how double-sided the issue really was, and showcases the negative aspect of Manifest Destiny, mainly restlessness and greed.
Stalin's foreign policies contributed an enormous amount to the tensions of the Cold War. His aim, to take advantage of the military situation in post-war Europe to strengthen Russian influence, was perceived to be a threat to the Americans. Stalin was highly effective in his goal to gain territory, with victories in Poland, Romania, and Finland. To the western world, this success looked as if it were the beginning of serious Russian aggressions. The western view of the time saw Stalin as doing one of two things: either continuing the expansionist policies of the tsars, or worse, spreading communism across the world now that his one-state notion had been fulfilled.
George Washington’s ambition enabled him to conceive new concepts that would facilitate the American cause in the rebellion against the English. Innovative ideas and the ability to take risks permitted the Americans to capitalize on their assets and bolster weaknesses. Washington’s ambitions and courageousness were shown in the militia he commanded. The presence of the army and its readiness to fight prevented the British to pronounce proper victory. As a visionary leader, he proposed a new country that would thrive without the relentless scrutiny of its Mother country.
“The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was due to an aggressive foreign policy which had been waged since c.1900”. How far do you agree with this opinion? Explain your answer using sources V, W and X and your own knowledge relating to the controversy. The implication that Germany’s use of an aggressive foreign policy led to the outbreak of the First World War is an extremely controversial topic, and has ultimately caused great debates amongst historians. Fischer, the provoker of this controversy, expresses this concept of German aggression by stating that since c.1900 Germany planned, and then was able to execute a war, due to their aggressive weltpolitik; based purely on expansionism.
With that information being stated ideological differences are most likely the cause of most wars. For example, the Cold War. The contrast between two US presidents in Yalta and Postdam conferences showed that the increasing tension between two superpowers wasn’t mainly due to ideological difference, rather it was Truman’s lack of experience and judgment had worsened the two relations. However, the ideological difference did play a significant role in the Marshall Plan because it was found in the American economic and political system. The liberal capitalist US economy needed ever increasing trade and investment opportunities to overcome its endemic weaknesses, (Mccauley).
Hakluyt also pointed that the overflow of people, both in need of religious freedom and in want of more business opportunities, within England needed a place to go. America is not only perfect for dumping those excess peoples into, but also exceeds that by also bringing profit from those living in those colonies. One of the major points that Hakluyt drives home is the comeuppance to Spain by creating demand for goods and shipping, and thereby creating profit for England and away from the plundering Spanish. From the profits of the taxes and duties of the new shipping industry, Hakluyt believes a powerful navy can be built for the protection and preservation of the growing British Empire. In 1584, when Hakluyt wrote his Discourse, he says that England at the time was swarming with unemployed youths, men, soldiers, prisoners, and beggars.
Causes and Effects of the Spanish American War There were many causes and effects during the Spanish-American War.United States declared war on April, 20 1898 but the United States didn't want to go to war right away. AMerica wanted to control everything. One group America tried to control was the Native Americans who lived in the West. America wanted their land and resources. So, America tried to completely control them.
Overall, Source W challenges source V, as it indicates that Germany’s aggressive actions since the turn of the century resulted in war. Source X implies how it is a matter of great controversy however leads more towards the fact that Germany had always wanted colonial expansion. Although it could be argued otherwise, it is evident that outbreak of war in Europe was due to an aggressive foreign policy which had been waged c.1900. Source V states that Germany, ‘felt encircled not only by the triple entente but also by the forces of change’. Although it is true that Germany was surrounded by an alliance system, indeed an extensive alliance system did surround Germany, whether they posed a threat or not is questionable.