Social Context of Child Development

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Assignment Three: Social Context of Child Development Jamie Breckenridge HHC0042: Child Development: An Introduction Dr. Shaku Brar April 2013 Assignment Three: Social Context of Child Development Researchers are continually attempting to sort out to what extent of human behavior is a result of nature (hereditary) or nurture (environmental influences). Cognitive development theorists and biological theorists believe in natural explorations of development where learning theorists believe more in the environmental influences. Cognitive theorists focus more on human mental process, and investigate into ways in which children perceive and mentally represent the world, how they develop using logic and problem solving methods. Cognitive developmental theory was developed by Jean Piaget (1896-1980) whom regarded children as natural physicists who consciously intend to learn about and take intellectual charge of the world around them. For example; Piaget believed that children, whom squish their food and laugh about it, are often growing scientists studying the texture of their food, and their caregiver’s reaction. Between the years 1936-1963, Piaget pushed the idea that children’s cognitive development processed took place in an orderly sequence of a multitude of stages. He identified four major stages of cognitive development which are; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. Teachers who follow Piaget’s views actively engage children in problem solving methods, gear instruction toward each child’s developmental stage, and try to offer activities that may challenge the children to move forward to the next stage of their developmental process. Researchers that use a variety of methods have found that Piaget may have under estimated the ages in which children are able to do things. It also seems to be apparent that, cognitive
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