What Are the Effects of Early Social Development in Children?

1528 Words7 Pages
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF EARLY SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN? Everybody is focusing on how early social development affects children. Psychologist made research and came up with a solution to prove why early social development affects children. In scientific terms, early childhood development is a process through which the young children grow and thrive physically, mentally, socially, emotionally and morally. It begins from conception and extends up to 8 years of age. This involves set of actions and behaviours that support a child’s development in a holistic manner including: feeding, providing clothing, shelter and supervision; preventing and attending to illness; engaging the child in interaction; providing stimulation and safe environment for play and exploration; providing love; affection and security; and enabling the development of self-esteem and self-confidence. This study sets out to give detailed explanations of attachment, including learning theory, which was developed by Dollard, and Miller (1950) suggested that the attachment was due to drive reduction which could be explained using classical conditioning and operant conditioning, And evolutionary perspective, including Bowlby who believed that attachment is innate (any behaviour that is inherited) and adaptive, types of attachment, including insecure and secure attachment by Ainsworth and Bell (1970) and lastly to explain the process and effect of disruption of attachment. This study would answer the following research questions: the nature and origins of emotional bond between infants and their caregiver (usually the mother), how it could be broken by either the infant or caregiver and what happens when it is broken or interrupted. The main point of view in the early social childhood development is the ‘attachment’. An attachment can be defined as a reciprocal tie that two people
Open Document