Observation Theories of Erickson, Piaget, and Vygotsky Essay

414 WordsFeb 5, 20132 Pages
Running head: OBERSAVATION THEORIES OF ERICKSON, PIAGET, AND VYGOTSKY Observation Theories of Erickson, Piaget, and Vygotsky Shakeitha Lewis Vista College Observation Theories of Erickson, Piaget, and Vygotsky I know that this observation is to observer a child, at this time I have no one to observe. However I will be able to give information on each theory. Erik Erikson proposed a theory of psychosocial development. He believed development occurs throughout the life span. His theory provided new insights into the formation of a healthy personality. It emphasizes the social and emotional aspects of growth. Children’s personalities develop in response to their social environment. The same is true of their skills for social interaction. Erikson’s theory includes eight stages, which I will state each stage without details. * Stage 1 trust versus Mistrust * Stage 2 Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt * Stage 3 Initiative Versus Guilt * Stage 4 Industry Versus Inferiority (Child Development Principles and Theories) Piaget's theory of cognitive development described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Piaget proposed that children proceed through four stages based on maturation and experience. Piaget's theory is guided by assumptions of how learners interact with their environment and how they integrate new knowledge and information into existing knowledge. Briefly, he proposed that: * children are active learners who construct knowledge from their environments * they learn through assimilation and accommodation, and complex cognitive development occurs through equilibration * the interaction with physical and social environments is key for cognitive development * development occurs in stages (Education Portal) Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory focused on the role of culture and

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