Smoking and Its Effect on the Circulatory System

661 Words3 Pages
Smoking and its effect on the circulatory system While there are many different types of drugs worldwide, nicotine is by far the most widely used drug of abuse and one of the most addictive. (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2008; Psychology Today, 2010). US researchers have estimated that one in five deaths each year, more than 400,000 deaths are as a result of smoking. Illegal drug use and alcohol abuse are on the increase and so is the spread of sexually transmitted diseases like HIV The current economic situation has seen a rise in suicides and murders being committed. While these have presented large mortality rates, tobacco causes more deaths than all the above combined. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008; Mokdad, Marks, Stroud, & Gerberding, 2004). The effects of smoking on the body are vast. While there are extrenal effects like smelly hair, yellow teeth, bad breath and stained fingers, it is the internal damage that is frightening. Smoking harms nearly organ of the body. Smoking affects everything from the functioning of organs to the efficiency of the body's immune system. The effects of cigarette smoking are destructive and widespread. Smoking causes many diseases and reduces the health of smokers in general. In the United States, “smoking accounts for an estimated 90% of all lung cancer deaths in men and 80% of all lung cancer deaths in women and an estimated 90% of all deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease are caused by smoking”. (The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General, 2004) Smoking affects the circulatory system in different ways. The circulatory system is made up of blood vessels. The carbon monoxide from cigarettes damages the layer of cells coating blood vessels. This causes fats and plaque from food consumed to stick to vessel walls causing them to tighten or constrict. Blood vessels

More about Smoking and Its Effect on the Circulatory System

Open Document