How far was Wolsey arrogant and unpopular? (20 marks) Sources 1, 2 and 3 all agree that Wolsey was cocky and despised as source 1 says ‘arrogance and ambition roused the hatred of the whole people,’ this shows that due to his arrogance he grew more and more unpopular against the ‘whole’ people. This shows that a lot of varieties of people over the different classes do not like Wolsey because of his ‘arrogance and ambition.’ Source 2 agrees with this as it states ‘brings them such fear’ which shows that he considers himself to be better than the nobles’ which makes him arrogant also as they ‘fear’ him it is likely that they also despise him as you normally dislike the things you fear. Source 3 also agrees with the view that he was despised as it states ‘he makes the lawyers plead without payment for all paupers’. This shows that he is highly unpopular with lawyers as he believes if they do not do their job properly they should be fined however lawyers are the only category which state that he is un-liked compared to the ‘whole people’.
The judge wanted everyone to think he was so innocent, but in fact, he was overwhelmingly selfish. Judge Pyncheon is similar to Cap, from The Pathfinder. Although he is not the most visible antagonist in the novel, his attitude of greed, superiority, and ignorance, cause him to be intellectually blinded. He is unable to judge the people around him, and puts his trust in the worst villains, such as the Tuscarora Arrowhead, and Corporal Muir, while being suspicious of the faithful Jasper. Cap and Judge Pyncheon are similar because they both have their outrageous moments.
Even though he gets “moore moneye than that the person gat in monthes tweye” he still lies about his relics to receive even more money. The lies are so ridiculous that people actually believe him, especially the poor; he says that “For in his male he hadde a pilwe-beer, which that he seyde was Oure Lady veil” and he also “hadde a crois of latoun ful of stons, and in a glas he hadde pigges bones”. His constant lies are insulting towards the reader as they can see he is relying on the poor to buy his stories so that he can earn money. His “bretful of pardoun, comen from Rome al hoot” hints that he could be doing dodgy deals, highlighting his corruption in society. As the Host requests for the Pardoner to tell a story, he replies, saying that “I wol bothe drinke, and eten of a cake.” He wants food before the story.
Priestley uses a range of language and theatrical devices to criticise the selfishness of people such as the Birling family. To begin with, Birling shows his lack of understanding and disrespect for the working class. This is show. When he says, "If you don't come down sharply on some of these people, they'd soon be asking for the Earth." This shows a lack of compassion by Birling, as he only cares about his wealth and status, and the profits he can gain from his factories.
Though Cholly was humiliated by the white men, “he hated the one who had created the situation, the one who bore witness to his failure, his impotence” (151). Cholly’s hatred with himself for being emasculated is channeled towards Darlene, and throughout the rest of his life, women in general. His hatred is openly exhibited towards his daughter, Pecola, as he mistreats her and exploits her because of his own self-loathing. After raping Pecola, Cholly notices that, “again the hatred mixed with tenderness. The hatred would not let him pick her up” (163).
Mr Birling appears not to know the difference. The Inspector, through what he says tries to show the Birling’s how dangerous, selfish and immoral their social lifestyles are. The Inspector repeatedly undermines Mr Birling although he is of higher status “there are a lot of young women…if there weren’t the factories and warehouses wouldn’t know where to look for cheap labour” This shows that the Inspector knows how business works and how the workers are exploited by Mr Birling, by calling them cheap it suggests they have no value. The Inspector also tries to teach Mr Birling what he is doing is wrong “it’s better to ask for the earth than to take it” this is a lesson to Mr Birling that at least Eva Smith asked for a rise. Mr Birling takes all of his money without asking anyone.
He tries to change the jurors’ minds by talking to them about the evidence and not just voting guilty because they do not like where they boy has come from. The hardest person to persuade is Juror 3, who is the angriest as we find out later in the film. Juror 10 does not like people who come from the slums so he is going to be prejudiced about this, which will cause some trouble since Juror 5 who has come from the slums as well. Juror 8 manages to change everyone’s vote and save the boy after Juror 3 breaks down in tears and learns that he has been defeated. This is a clever and interesting film, in which the director succeeds in both entertaining the audience and exploring a serious message.
As he can set whatever wage he wants. He describes himself as a 'hard headed man of business' twice it shows how he he being selfish due to the fact that with his wealth he could easily have met the demands of Eva smiths pay rise, but instead he chose to fire those who went against his will. Birlings is also shown to be selfish when he says 'a man has to make his own way' what this tells the reader is that he is strongly against capitalist views, what this shows is that his selfishness is a key part of who he is and there is not a sharing side to him part from sharing the port with his alcoholic son Eric. The writer could have been trying to portray an image of a man who is very self centred and has no worries in the world apart from his wealth. Mrs Birling is also shown to be selfish when she says in act 2 'but I accept no blame for it at all' as what it tells the reader is that she is still taking no blame for the problems which she has caused.
The things they say are very shallow, and are made up of derogatory and mean jokes. The reader is made aware of all their internal feelings making them even less likeable. Chang appears to have used them as a way of indicating how all the cynicism and malice within high-class Chinese society is as childish and foolish as they are. ‘Although their father had scholarly pretensions, he’d only made his fortune in recent years, the daughters still had this air of fresh and vulgar merriment.’ P39 This quote places the behaviour of the Lou sisters in contrast with that of Yuqing, or other members of her “old money” family. As they have not been rich for long, they do not possess the sensibility or the kind of behavioural restraint that comes with wealth maturity.
F. Scott Fitzgerald uses various characters to portray how social society’s obsession with class dilutes the foundations of humanity, because the high society essentially has nothing to work towards. In the Great Gatsby Fitzgerald shows how high society brings out the shallowness and inhumanity in people as it creates superior arrogance, ungratefulness and finally it impedes their moral values. Characters in The Great Gatsby who were born into wealth, are used to getting what they desire. This has misconstrued their outlook on interacting with people. With a sense of entitlement, characters like Tom Buchanan and Daisy Buchanan talk down to other people.