Sand Creek Massacre

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Sand Creek Massacre People moved to Colorado in the 1850’s-1860 as a form of relocation. The spur of gold and silver rushes helped with the creation of this area. It also helped with making the Cheyenne people and Arapahos angry with the white man. Due to the conflict between the Natives and the rushers, war broke out between the two. The war was known as the Sand Creek Massacre or Cheyenne-Arapahos War or even the Colorado War of 1864-1865. It was in this time that Colorado saw much chaos. Governor John Evans decided to open up the hunting grounds of these tribes to white settlers. Like many people, the tribes didn’t want to sell their land and move to reservations. They wanted to keep their homes and not be forced out. The land was no one’s but everyone’s and nobody could force someone off of something that isn’t theirs. Because the Natives would not leave the governor decided to call out volunteer military headed by Colonel John Chivington to settle the affair. Instead of helping the white people, it caused more problems for everyone. In 1864, while the Civil War raged on Chivington planned an attack on the Cheyenne and Arapahos. This meant the razing and killing of the Natives and their comrades no questions asked. This caused the Cheyenne to raise more allies and fight back. Every time one would fight off the other, the other would come back even angrier and stronger. For an entire summer, it was attack, attack, attack. The war didn’t look like it was going to end anytime soon. Until September 28, things looked bad. On September 28 the white and Natives representatives came together to discuss the war. They met at Camp Weld, just outside of Denver, Colorado. No treaties were signed by either people but the Natives camped outside of the camp as a means of declaring peace and accepting sanctuary. Black Kettle and his army of 600 Cheyennes and Arapahos

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