Ronald Reagan's Impact On The Cold War

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Ronald Reagan used his power as the president of the United States to help bring an end to the Cold War, while the Soviet Union was dissolving, and Mikhail Gorbachev was presiding without a country, by holding four summit meetings with Gorbachev, writing the Strategic Defense Initiative and advocating for exceeding the Soviet Union in nuclear arms and technology in speeches like his “Evil Empire” speech. Over the course of three years, Ronald Reagan and Gorbachev both made efforts to cease the tension between the countries through four different summits: the Geneva Summit, the Reykjaik Summit, the Washington Summit, and the Moscow Summit, all of which show the tremendous progress the countries made. In November of 1985, the Geneva Summit took…show more content…
Reagan directly impugned the Soviet Union’s faulty reasoning behind their idea of “morality” when he says, “…as good Marxist-Leninists, the Soviet leaders have openly and publicly declared that the only morality they recognize is that which will further their cause, which is world revolution…” (Reagan 112) and solidified the idea that the Soviet Union had underlying motives towards a nuclear stockpile. Reagan argued that the US should increase its nuclear inventory and scientific advancements to protect in case of an attack. In the end, nuclear warfare is not always the struggle between good and evil and as Reagan puts it, “…but we must never forget that no government schemes are going to perfect man. We know that living in this world means dealing with what philosophers would call the phenomenology of evil or, as theologians would put it, the doctrine of sin.” (Reagan 97) Reagan does not directly point out the Soviet Union’s flaw to eliminate freedom, but instead affirms the main goal of the United States at the time, which was to eliminate communism. During the final summit meeting, Reagan disclosed to Gorbachev that he no longer viewed the Soviet Union as an “evil empire” because of the reformations in the two countries; this demonstrated how far the countries had come as well as how beneficial the four summits were in improving relations between the

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