The architectural orders, Doric on the mainland and Ionic in the eastern Aegean, were developed in the archaic temples, and their lasting example tended to make Greek architecture conservative toward changes in design or in building technology. The Archaic period evolved after the Mycenaen palace collapsed in 1200 BCE during the dark ages when people began rebuilding. This era brought about the introduction of both the Doric and Ionic Orders. The Doric Order, which originated
Running Head: Preservation and Transmission of Greek Philosophy in the Middle Ages Preservation and Transmission of Greek Philosophy In the Middle Ages Antilkumar Gandhi Professor Fleming Religion and Philosophy Introduction Greek philosophy focused on the role of reason and inquiry in the study of the natural world. Many philosophers today concede that Greek philosophy has shaped all of Western thought since its inception. As Alfred Whitehead once noted, with some exaggeration, "Western philosophy is just a series of footnotes to Plato," (Brickman, 1961). Clear and unbroken lines of influence lead from Ancient Greek and Hellenistic philosophers, to medieval Muslim philosophers, and to the European Renaissance and Enlightenment. Early Greek philosophy, in turn, was influenced by the older wisdom literature and myths of the Near East.
Greece had Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle. Rome had Marcus Aurelius and Marcus Tullius “Cicero”. Originally Athens had been ruled by kings. Later they held an oligarchy and then held a democracy where the Greek people could vote for their rulers (Gill). In Greece each
 Those new cities were composed of Greek colonists who came from different parts of the Greek world, and not, as before, from a specific "mother city".  The main cultural centers expanded from mainland Greece to Pergamon, Rhodes, and new Greek colonies such as Seleucia, Antioch and Alexandria. This mixture of Greek-speakers gave
Using the table below we will compare various elements between the two cultures. Greek Roman Art: pottery, sculptures and Architecture Early Roman art consisted of mosaics, paintings and statues. The statues were created as a sense of a history timeline. Geography: Greece is a large peninsula made up of smaller ones, the terrain is mountainous. Rome has a location very close to the Mediterranean Sea.
Architecture is generally defined as the aesthetic designing of buildings, open areas, communities, and other artificial constructions and environments. This makes it very different from standard construction engineering. Ancient architecture is based upon past events and important figures of cultural beliefs in which the community aspires to reflect and display. Greek and Roman mythology played an important role in the structures, and in order to understand the significance of the buildings, one must first understand the origins of each. During the tenth century B.C, when the Dorian people migrated to Greece they brought along their Hellenic culture.
The US constitution can be compared to government models of Athens and Sparta. Athens was one of the first known democracies: ruled by the people. Athenian’s based their life around philosophy and the arts. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. It is the center for financial, political, economic, and cultural life in Greece.
Relativism is the idea that nothing may be said to be objectively right or wrong because it depends on the situation, culture or time period. Moral relativism is the idea that there are no universally valid moral principles and so there is no one true morality. Cultural relativism is the idea that what is right or wrong depends on the culture. The origins of relativism can be traced back to Ancient Greece. At around the 8th century BC being ‘good’ meant being a heroic warrior.
This paper compares ancient Egyptian art with ancient Greek art and considers the ways in which the Greeks were influenced by Egyptian art. Egypt established a long and enduring artistic tradition. Greek art drew heavily on that background, using many of the same kinds of subjects and incorporating many similar symbols, but then reinterpreted them through very different eyes and a strikingly different cultural perception. Both visions continue to have a profound impact on artists in modern cultures, from their representation of everyday life to the varied perceptions of the importance and meaning life in general. Catharine Roehrig, Egyptian Art Curator for The Metropolitan Museum of Art, observes, "Egypt's Old Kingdom (Dynasties 3-6, ca.
Although, the Doric style was mainly used in mainland Greece and the Ionic style was used in the Islands and colonies to the east. The main structure of the temple was built by either marmaros (marble) or poros (limestone), the roof was made with marmaros or terracotta tiles. The temples could be decorated by carving figures into the stone, either on the columns or around the edges of the temple. Slabs at the top of the temple were carved in relief (the figures stood out from the surface of the stone). There were often little statues on top of the roof, sometimes flowers or figures.