The architectural orders, Doric on the mainland and Ionic in the eastern Aegean, were developed in the archaic temples, and their lasting example tended to make Greek architecture conservative toward changes in design or in building technology. The Archaic period evolved after the Mycenaen palace collapsed in 1200 BCE during the dark ages when people began rebuilding. This era brought about the introduction of both the Doric and Ionic Orders. The Doric Order, which originated
The Human Body in Ancient Greek Sculptures Thomas Fleck Survey of Art History 101 October 4, 2013 The Human Body in Ancient Greek Sculptures The primary focus of ancient Greek sculptures was that of the human body. Almost all Greek sculptures are of nude subjects. As the first society to focus on nude subjects, Greek sculptors attempted to "depict man in what they believed was the image of the gods and so would come to celebrate the body by striving for verisimilitude or true – likeness (realism and naturalism!)." Not only did the Greeks celebrate the human form in their art but also in everyday life. One of the favorite topics for sculptors was that of the athlete.
ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Kasey Simas HIS 103 World Civilizations I Instructor Max Fassnacht January 28, 2013 ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Roman empires flourished, which can largely be attributed to the emperors that created government, laws, cities, military, and many buildings and structures. This would not be possible without the use of technology. In order to talk about roman technology and engineering we must first understand what technology is. Technology is “the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science (technology, n.d.).” The Pantheon is a great example of Roman architecture. Most historians believe Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa built the first Pantheon in 27BC, though no one knows its exact age.
They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride, or offer thanksgiving to the patron god of a city for success in war. Ionic Doric The earliest monumental buildings in Greek architecture were the temples. Since these were solidly built and carefully maintained, they had to be replaced only if destroyed. There were two main orders of early Greek architecture, the Doric and the Ionic, and their lasting example tended to make Greek architecture conservative toward changes in design or in building technology. The Doric style, which originated around 400 BCE brought rise to a whole new type of building technique and style, and was used in mainland Greece and spread to the Greek colonies in Italy.
The Etruscans tried to create a new architectural style that differed from that of the Greeks. Grecian architecture included columns and steps surrounding the entire span of the temple, while Etruscan columns and stairs were only placed in the front of the temple. One main difference between the two types of architecture was that Etruscan temples were built out of a type of limestone called tufa. In contrast to this, the Greek temples were made out of marble, making them stronger and more durable (Carr). The Etruscan builders were influenced greatly by those in Greece, while the Romans were influenced by
The Article The Spolia of the Arch of Constantine by Robert Ross Holloway consists of many different hypothesis and statements of how the sets of spolia came to be on the Art of Constantine. There are three sets of spolia present on the Arch of Constantine, the Trajanic Frieze, the eight circular Hadrianic reliefs and eight rectangular panels from the monument of Marcus Aurelius. Holloway discusses in this article the histories and argues the different ways these sets have come to reside on the Arch of Constantine. The article starts with Holloway’s thesis statement of identifying the sets of the spolias and discussing their origins. He states that the purpose of the article is to argue that Rome is most likely not the source of these sculptures.
One simply needs to go to downtown Providence to see the lasting influence of Ancient Greek architecture and technology on today’s society. It may not be evident; however, that each element of this architecture had a specific purpose relevant to the time period from which it was derived. Without a doubt, in both Ancient Greek architecture and technology, form truly does follow function. The form and function of Ancient Greek architecture and technology were influenced by the tools and materials available, as well as the political and cultural influences from the Dark Ages through the Hellenistic Period leading to the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders. As in any time-frame, and any civilization, the technology, tools, methods, available materials and the culture of a society greatly impacted their architecture, from basic homes to grand temples meant for worship.
Where Do Our Ideas Of Justice And Injustice Originate? Persuasive Essay Hook/Introduction: According to our subject material it is stated that the idea of justice and injustice was derived from the ancient King, Hammurabi. We often see at courthouse a statue named Lady Justice. The history has different references about emergence of these ideas. Back to ancient Greek and Roman mythology, it is believed that the idea of social justice and injustice came from there ancient norms and values.
The sculpture of the “Lion Man” depicts a figurine of a lion standing straight up such as a man would stand. It is unclear as to the details of the figurine but it appears to still have several physical attributes of an animal such as the paws of a lion. This is the oldest statue to ever be found and already on of the most popular themes in Egyptian reliefs and sculpture and Greek sculpture can been seen. The sculpture features an anthropomorphic lion, or a lion given human like qualities. This theme is central in many Greek statues of deities and Egyptian statues of gods.
When looking at the architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome, it is important to see where their influences and motivations are, and the direct relation to the cultural values of the respective societies. The ancient and original orders of architecture are the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian, which were invented by the Greeks, and adopted by the Romans. Their use of the classical orders on the surface appear very similar, but looking closer at the role of these structural elements within the building they are a part of, you see vast differences that take their roots from the definitive differences in the values of the Greeks to the values of the Romans. It could be said that the Greeks were the artists, the Romans were the engineers; now this is a rather broad statement, nothing is as black and white as that, but it very much so describes the difference in the styles. The Greek Doric order was the earliest of the classical orders, known from the 7th century BC and reaching its mature form in the 5th century BC.