1.1 Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Bacteria: A bacteria is a single celled organism, they are either a parasite or live independently. Bacteria have three basic shapes. Antibiotics can usually kill them; A few examples of bacteria could be meningitis, Ear infections, and conjunctivitis. Fungi :A Fungus is a spore producing organism and can live as a single celled yeast or as a larger multi-cellular mould.
Paracetamol when needed. | Impetigo | Small red pimples on the skin which break down and weep. | Until lesions are crusted and healed. Treat with antibiotic cream or medicine. | Ringworm | Contagious fungal infection of the skin, shows as circular flaky patches.
1.3 What is meant by…. Infection~ A term used for an illness that has been caused by a harmful organism/bacteria. Colonisation~ This term is to identify when bad bacteria can be present but is causing no illness or harm to the carrier. 1.4 Systemic infection~ This is where an infection affects all the body and also the cognitive matter and can make the whole body feel unwell like chest/urine infections or septicemia. Localised infection~ Is where the pain can be pinpointed and is coming from the cause itself and the area that it homes at, this would be things like cuts/wounds to the skin or an ingrown toenail.
These objects become contaminated through direct contact with infected eye discharge or from hands that were not properly washed after touching an infected eye. If you have symptoms of pink eye, you should seek prompt medical attention. Other problems, like abrasions or foreign bodies in the eye, can produce similar symptoms and need to be ruled out. A culture of the eye discharge may be needed to know what type of antibiotic will be most effective. There are a few symptoms from pink eye that you should defiantly know about like, red eyes, clear or cloudy eye discharge, light sensitivity , matting of eyelashes, especially in the morning and itching of the eyes.
Level 2 Diploma in Health and Social Care * Contribute to the support of infection prevention and control in social care 1.1 Identify how infections are spread. There are many practices that can lead to the spread of infection. Here are a few: not washing hands, sharing personal items such as towels, toothbrushes, etc. , unsafe food practices, not keeping up to date with vaccines, and not covering coughs and sneezes properly. 1.2 Describe how breaking the chain of infection minimizes the spread of infection.
This is treated through high-dose penicillin I.V. this is the primary treatment given. Anthrax also requires isolation to prevent possible spread by airborne or direct contact, even though person- to –person transmission is unlikely. A patient with inhalation anthrax is closely monitored through there vital signs, and is provided respiratory support, including oxygen and intubation, as needed. In cutaneous anthrax the lesions are kept clean and covered with sterile
Tinea is a fungal infection that can be easily spread, for example if you use a hairbrush that belongs to an individual that suffers from Tinea then the contact with your scalp could enable you to catch the fungal infection. Another common fungal infection is Athletes foot; this usually appears between the toes and toenails and on the foot. Athlete's foot causes symptoms that include red, dry, cracked, and itchy skin between the toes. Some people also have red, scaly bumps filled with pus on the bottoms and sides of their feet. The symptoms are one Protozoa: Protozoa is not a pathogen; it is a single-celled organism.
The common test performed is the anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) blood test, if the ANA test comes back positive and the patient is showing signs and symptoms common to lupus like hair loss, mouth ulcers, swollen glands, anemia, chest pain, depression, confusion, seizures and a butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose. The seriousness of how the body is affected varies from person to person. Treatment for lupus is aimed at controlling the symptoms. A mild case of lupus that involves a rash, fever, arthritis, pleurisy, requires little therapy. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) are used to treat arthritis and pleurisy.
A clean house can prevent infestations of disease-carrying vermin, such as rodents, cockroaches, fleas and lice. In addition, making sure your bathroom is sanitary can prevent the spread of dangerous viruses, such as hepatitis A, which can be spread through contact with fecal matter, according to the CDC. Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary defines hygiene as practices conducive to health. This includes taking care of your body, maintaining good oral health and eliminating odors. The Department of Health in the Philippines explains that poor personal hygiene can cause skin diseases and worm infestations, diarrheal diseases and dental diseases.
Small rings appear as the initial symptoms of the infection. If the fairy ring consists only of mushrooms or puffballs, with no stimulated grass growth, just simply rake off and dispose of these fungal structures. If handling the mushrooms, make sure to wash your hands when done because they are poisonous. If the lawn isn’t in horrible shape it is suggested to just disguise the symptoms by providing lots of water deep into the root zone, and apply a moderate rate of fertilizers. This should increase the vigor of the surrounding grass to the level it more like that of the grass in the fairy ring.