(CDC) Initially a fever develops, followed by runny nose, cough and water eyes and koplik’s spots(small white spots that develop within the cheek and mouth). After several days the rash develops ,initially to the head and upper neck, then spreads to the lower body. The rash may last up to 14 days. (WHO) Measles related deaths are most likely to occur to those individuals who are malnourished or have weakened immune systems due to conditions such as HIV and AIDS. Complications of the disease include encephalitis, blindness and pneumonia.
or third generation cephalosporin. Invasive Group A Streptococcus has been around the human civilization since the beginning of our existence, and it continues to be a threat today. Invasive Group A Streptococcus, known as invasive GAS, occurs around 9400 times a year in the United States alone, while it is unknown about the rest of the world due to recording inconsistencies. This bacterium exists as one of the most
C. difficile illness usually develops during or shortly after a course of antibiotics. But signs and symptoms may not appear for weeks or even months afterward. The most common symptoms of mild to moderate C. difficile disease are, watery diarrhea 10 - 15 times a day and mild abdominal cramoing and tenderness. In more severe cases, C. difficile causes the colon to become inflamed (colitis) or to form patches of raw tissue that can bleed or produce pus ( pseudomembranous colitis). Signs and symptoms of severe infection include, watery diarrhea 10 - 15 times a day, abdominal cramping and pain which may be severe, fever, blood or pus in stool, nausea, dehydration, loss of appetite, and weight loss.
The tick exposure has not been recognized. The outbreak might be warm or itch. The rash—erythema migrans (EM)-generally grows within 3-30 days and usually begins round, red patch that expand. About 75% of patients with Lyme disease develop EM. Clearing may take place from the center out, leaving a bull's-eye effect; in some cases, the center gets redder instead of clearing.
a prostrating biphasic illness begins. 2 to 3 days after initial infection, symptoms of fever, malaise, body aches, headache, anorexia, nausea and vomiting begin followed by red spots in the mouth and on the tongue. Patients are most infectious during this period. Twenty-four hours later, the skin rash appears, beginning with flat red spots on the face and neck which spread quickly to other parts of the body. The skin rash evolves uniformly in all areas.
Symptoms of this infection usually occur within 7-10 days of being exposed. During those days symptoms are very similar to the common cold. This disease is passed by an infected person sneezing or coughing and the tiny droplets containing the bacteria sail through the air, hitting another person. Coughing spells may lead to vomiting or a short period of losing consciousness. In infants, choking spells are common.
There may be an outer ring of brighter redness and a central area of clearing leading to a bull’s eye appearance. This rash is called Erythema migran pertaining to a “bull’s eye”. The symptoms to this stage are general fatigue, muscle and joint stiffness, swollen lymph nodes, and headaches. Stage 2 is called early disseminated infection which is a few days to weeks after the initial bite and the disease starts to spread to through the bloodstream. It will develop at sites across the body that bears no relation to the tick bite.
Diarrhoea, feeling sick and vomiting are the most common side effects. Some people get a fungal infection such as thrush after treatment with antibiotics for a longer period of time. More serious side-effects of antibiotics include kidney problems, blood disorders, increased sensitivity to the sun and deafness. However, these are rare. Antidepressants e.g.
This was thought to be the worst form of the plagues and they usually had a life expectancy of around 1-2 days. The last type caused the septicemic version of the disease was spread more traditionally type which was passed from one infected person to another and this type attacked the blood system of the victim. They symptoms of this were very high fevers and purple skin patches. In most cases of the pneumonic and particularly septicemic plague the progress of the disease is so rapid that there would often be no time for the development of the enlarged lymph nodes that were noted as buboes. Many modern scholars accept that the lethality of the Black Death came from the combination of bubonic and pneumonic plague with other diseases and warn that every historical mention of 'pest' was not necessarily bubonic plague.
Close monitoring and early, aggressive intervention is recommended the goals include preventing and controlling lung infections, intestinal blockage, and loosening and removing mucus from the lungs, and the best is providing good nutrition and electrolyte balance. This can be done with medications such as antibiotics, mucus thinning drugs, bronchodilators, and oral pancreatic enzymes. This can also be achieved by surgery and or other procedures; nasal polyp removal, oxygen therapy, endoscopy and lavage. More aggressively is a lung transplant, feeding tube, or bowel surgery. Once again due to this fact that CF is not curable these are only for therapeutic services.