Emperors overtaxed the population and overregulated the market place and would often purposely debase their currency by reducing the precious metal content. This in turn led to disastrous inflation(Perry 2013). One needs to look no further than our own Federal Reserve System and its fiat currency to see the similarities. Politicians essentially have a blank check and can spend and print as much money as they want. This influx of cheap money devalues our currency and causes inflation.
The strength of the economy encouraged Americans to take out more loans and buy more stocks, making them susceptible to future changes in the economy. The freedom caused financial markets to crash globally which helped power the Great Depression. Another example of lack of government intervention was the robber barons, a term referring to the wealthy and powerful businessmen in the 18th century. They were also known as “pure capitalists”, because they believed in an economic system that involved minimal interference from the government. Those working for robber barons were beaten and threatened, and the working conditions were terrible.
However, when the stock market crashed in 1929, President Hoover was faced with the challenges of helping the United States recover from a severe economic depression. The Great Depression served as a turning point in Hoover’s presidency because his policies are what made him infamous. Hoover was a believer that the federal government should not provide direct relief to citizens in order to avoid people relying of government money to get by. As a result, Hoover stated in a statement to the press that private, state and local government are responsible for providing relief to the public (Doc C). Hoover’s assertions accurately portray the conservative ideals of the federal government adopting a laissez faire policy towards the economy.
Freidman argued that there was a natural rate of unemployment and that attempts to reduce unemployment lead to other problems like inflation. Neoliberals thought that inflation undermines the market system because there is lack in faith of money and discourage money economic activity. In order to solve inflation the government needed to control growth in money supplies by cutting public spending and allowing unemployment to rise so the market can solve the problem. The liberal new right regards the state as a realm of coercion and “unfreedom”,
The imbalance of trading caused deficits and upset the foreign exchange market, especially against America. After the World War II, American political leader committed to promoting international trade by supporting for multilateral organizations such as General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. They made the international currency markets the Breton Woods system. However, since the Japanese economy grew so fast, the United States was worried to lose the leadership to Japan, which linear projections called as the “superstate”, the world’s largest capital market to boot. On the other side, the United States government was complained by its domestic industry companies during its recession period since Japanese products was very competitive.
Since the days of industry moguls like Carnegie, Morgan, and Rockefeller, money and the achievement of the American Dream have appealed to the American people as indicators of success. The glint of gold, unfortunately, often blinds the greedy from the ill effects of good fortune. In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby and his peers are affected by their wealth or lack of it in varying ways, but Fitzgerald emphasizes the negative effect money has on his characters. Money and the pursuit of it are corrupting factors in capitalistic American society, as the wealthy can afford to be apathetic and careless. The wealthy are made shallow by their fortune and flit about with no real purpose, and are comforted knowing that they have the means to entertain themselves.
There was increased production and demand for goods. Freidel and Brinkley point to a booming market for scarce consumer goods in the United States and a strong European market as reasons for the boom which lasted for almost two years following Armistice.  A similar situation was happening in Ireland. Agricultural prices trebled between 1914 and 1921 in the wake of increased demand for food and animals.  A combination of high earnings in agriculture and some shortage of imported goods meant high prosperity for the trader.
This meant that he believed he had divine right to rule Russia traditionally without liberal reforms. Tsar Nicholas crushed any strikes or demonstrations ruthlessly. Another long-term reason were the heavy taxes imposed by Witte (finance minister) on the peasants. This made the Tsar unpopular as peasants became very poor. (Matteo needed to include that urban workers were also heavily taxed; taxes were used to help finance the modernisation of Russia’s backward industry).
Was the Great Depression the main reason why the Nazi party grew between 1929 and 1932? The Great Depression occurred in 1929 and affected Germany because America took all their loans from Germany so business’ close and the standard of living in Germany decreased. After the Great Depression, the public went to the extremist parties, the NSPD and the Communists. This was because the German government didn’t have a reasonable plan for amending the crisis – the Chancellor Bruning believed that decreasing government spending and increasing the taxes would get Germany out of their economic crisis. This angered the German public as they thought that the government’s plan would just make living harder if they did increase the taxes.
Economic reasons were a major factor which helped and affected Hitlers rise to power. In 1923 hyper-inflation conflicted with Germany. People in Germany were affected economically. Production fell and prices rose. Middle classes were hit harder than the upper classes because wealthy people were protected since their wealth was inflation proof, for instance jewelery, art and real estate.