Photosynthesis is the process where light energy is converted into chemical energy in the form of glucose. Its overall equation is: 6CO2 + 6H20 + light energy C6H12O6 + 6O2. The process of photosynthesis can be split into two reactions: the light-dependent reaction in the thylakoids and the light-independent reaction in the stroma. During the light-dependent reaction, light energy from the Sun is absorbed by chlorophyll (found in the chloroplasts in the leaf). This causes the excitation of two electrons, and they move to a higher energy level.
Plants are the producers for an ecosystem. They photosynthesise carbon dioxide and water and produce energy in the form of carbohydrates and other molecules. Photosynthesis requires water, and plants gain water from the soil using mineral ions such as nitrate produced by the nitrifying bacteria. Hydrolysis of ATP releases energy for processes such as active transport of the nitrate ions (and others such as potassium etc) from the soil into root hair cells, a process that lowers water potential and is used to draw water into the plant from the soil. In leaves, photosynthesis involves the photolysis of water, a process that involves the attachment of two electrons to a magnesium ion in chlorophyll and the production of hydrogen ions from the breakdown of water.
According to Hopkins (2006), photosynthesis is the process by which green plants and certain organisms transform itself from light energy into chemical energy. As a straight forward chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide comes from the air, along with the midair and water from the soil, photosynthesis conglomerates to produce what is known as carbohydrate (p. 6). Solar Energy produced by photosynthesis, stores itself in a chemical bond of a carbohydrate molecule. Sugar known as glucose is then formed which becomes convenient both by way of energy to be stored for later use in tissues or by way of carbon to be used for cells (p.7). Hopkins, w. G. (2006).
ATP and NADPH 4. If ATP is produced during the first stage of photosynthesis, why invest energy to make a carbohydrate? The ATP produced isn’t enough, therefore; glucose is made in order to store energy. 5. What is the main difference between non-cyclic and cyclic phosphorylation?
In plants the way they get there energy is through sun light where they have process called photosynthesis where they produce and release oxygen in the air. Photosynthesis requires direct sunlight, carbon-dioxide, and water. In this process of photosynthesis, plants decompose the molecules of hydrogen and carbon dioxide into hydrogen, then carbon and oxygen produces glucose which forms their source of energy, food and growth. Solar cells similar to this process get sunlight where light in the form of photons hits the solar cell and are absorbed by semiconducting materials such as silicon. Negative electrons are break free from their atoms, causing them with an electric potential difference.
The substance that absorbs sunlight is chlorophyll, which is mainly contained in chloroplasts. This energy is used to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) and water into sugars. This conversion creates the waste product oxygen, which is used by humans for breathing. Without being able to photosynthesise plants will stop growing and die. In a plant growing in the dark the chlorophyll will slowly be destroyed causing them to use their food reserves.
Form structural components in cells and tissues. Photosynthesis is a complex series of reactions carried out by algae, phytoplankton, and the leaves in plants, which utilize the energy from the sun. The simplified version of this chemical reaction is to utilize carbon dioxide molecules from the air and water molecules and the energy from the sun to produce a simple sugar such as glucose and oxygen molecules as a
Xinhui (Sunny) Huang Biology 225 Auman, A. Results and Analysis Lab Partner: Alex Lund Photosynthesis: Under Different Wavelengths of Light Photosynthesis is a process that converts light energy into chemical energies and storing them in the bonds of sugar that organisms - such as plants - can use to maintain metabolism and life. What wavelengths of all the light in the spectrum the plant normally receives is the most efficient in photosynthesis? To find out, in this experiment we studied the rate of photosynthesis under several different wavelengths of light. We hypothesized that the rate of photosynthesis is the fastest when the plant is exposed to the whole spectrum (general light), because the plant absorbs energy from several wavelengths, compared to just absorbing energy from one light wavelength.
The Action Spectrum and the Absorption Spectrum Introduction: The purpose of this experiment is to learn the rates of photosynthesis under different lights, and the absorbance of photosynthetic pigments in spinach extract. “There would be no biology without photosynthesis. Plant biomass is the food and fuel for all animals. Plants are the primary producers. These amazing organisms are capable of capturing the energy of sunlight and fixing it in the form of potential chemical energy in organic compounds.” (Measuring the rate of photosynthesis) “Light is one of the main factors that affects the rate of photosynthesis, which literally means using light to create something new.” (What Are Three Factors That Affect the Rate Which Photosynthesis Occurs?)