Report: Hydraulic Fracking

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Fracking is a procedure that has been around as early as 1947. What started as an experiment to obtain more natural gas ended up being a successful operation and has spread worldwide. Natural gas is our number one domestic energy source that fuels basic necessities that we use every day, including; vehicles, heating, cooking, and general electricity. As of 2012, 2.5 million fracking operations have been performed worldwide. Out of those procedures over one million were produced in the United States. The first official fracking operation was completed by Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company in Oklahoma the year of 1949. Since then, there are now 1.1 million active oil and gas wells in the United States. These numbers are alarming and are…show more content…
The procedure consists of injecting a special fluid made up of chemicals and sand into the ground at high pressures to squeeze the natural gas back up through the rocks. By injecting this certain fluid we are leaving mercury, lead, hydrochloric acid, methane, and other poisonous chemicals left to rest in our earth’s crust. Studies show that more than 90% of fracking fluids are left underground. Because we are permanently polluting our land we are putting our environment at high risks of becoming destroyed and it is effecting human health. One resource that is at high risk of being contaminated due to fracking is water. The U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated that up to 140 billion gallons of water are used for 35,000 wells each year. Fracking procedures are even excluded from the safe drinking water act of underground injection controls and regulations except when diesel fuel is being used. That means these companies that perform fracking procedures avoid using diesel so that we have no idea what they’re putting in to the ground. Even some states allow fracking to be exempt from state water use regulation, an agreement limiting large water withdrawals; despite the fact that each fracking well uses up to five million gallons of locally sourced water. In the article, Should Fracking Stop? The authors provided information that there are water recovery tanks. These water recovery tanks contain polluted flow-back water that gets injected to a deep storage well and eventually it is sent to a treatment plant. It’s a waste because clean water is not an abundant resource and it will eventually run out. The amount of water used per year for fracking needs to be monitored. Earlier this year in Northern Ohio, over 400,000 residents were left without safe water due to widespread contamination. Residents were even advised not to shower due to the

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