The Negative Effects Of Fracking

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Hydraulic fracturing or more commonly known as “fracking” is an extreme water-intensive process. Fracking uses millions of gallons of water that is mixed with sand and harmful chemicals that is injected into the ground at a high pressure to fracture the surrounding rock. This process was started in the 1860s. It was mainly popular in places like Pennsylvania, New York, Wyoming, and Kentucky. They used liquid and solidified nitroglycerin but later applied the same methods with water and gas to achieve a greater outcome. It wasn’t until the 1930s that acid was used as a nonexplosive fluid. The process of fracking uses high pressure and a pipe where the mixture of water, sand, and chemicals is forced down to cause near shale rock to crack. Once…show more content…
The methane concentration is seventeen percent higher in the drinking water near sites where fracking is performed. The water is used by near by cities and towns. This water has been seen to cause sensory, respiratory, and neurological damage to those who are exposed to it. The chemicals used in the mixture are chemicals known to cause cancer. Fracking is also hard on the environment. The land used for fracking has to be cleared to build new access roads and new sites where fracking is performed. Trucks and heavy equipment have to be brought into these sites. The trucks also carry out toxic waste. 30-50 percent on the fluids used to perform fracking as left behind. These fluids are harmful to the environment and cannot be broken down. Chemicals from fracking just sit in large pools above ground where they evaporate into the air. It releases harmful VOCs which are volatile organic compounds which contaminant air, acid air, and ground level ozone. When someone does research on hydraulic fracturing, a majority of the stuff that comes on it is negative…show more content…
When I was doing my research, most of the stuff I found was negative. I only found one site that was tellings the positive side on fracking. The outcome of fracking, which is natural gases, are seen to be better for the environment because the gases burn cleaner. But all of the work done to get these natural gases is harmful. There are 40,000 gallons of chemicals used per fracking. 600 different chemicals are used. The chemicals used are things like uranium, mercury, methanol, and formadenyde which are all harsh harmful chemicals. We have to use 8 million gallons of water for each fracking. A site can only go through fracking 18 times. That means for each site 72 trillion gallons of water are used and 360 billion gallons of chemical. A majority of the water used during fracking we will never be able to use again. As of how fracking is done now, I see it as a more negative things then positive. Maybe in years to come we can find a new and less harmful way to get natural

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