Crim 135 MWF 12pm-12:50pm Dr. Hughes Sex offenders are a statewide problem that keeps growing in the united state alone there are over 92,000 registered sex offenders. With sex offenders on the rise, residency restriction are beginning to tighten making it almost impossible for registered offenders to get their lives back on track. Some states have gone as far as banning registered offenders from 500-25,00 feel near places where kids are know to hangout. Although residency restrictions gives victims and their families a hard piece of mind. They make it almost impossible for offenders to get a fresh start.
They don’t want to become known as the “snitch”. In recent studies, it has been found out that in the United States prisons alone, an estimated 364,000 males and female inmates were sexually assaulted in one year. Any young inmates that are physically small or weak, have a mental illness, are known as the “snitches”, are not in a gang, or convicted of any sexual crimes are at a higher risk of being the victim of sexual assault. Inmate suicide has been going on for years and is a problem that has not decreased. Newly arrested people who have been taken to a local jail
Research Proposal: Part 1 Shelly Collins CJA/334 1/30/2014 Susan Wind Research Proposal: Part 1 Arrest rates of young individuals rose between 1983 to 1993. The major rise of the numbers of criminal activity, in which was committed by young individuals, made Congress realize they had to do something. Congress, along with the state legislatures agreed to pass new laws, which included gun control laws, made boot camps mandatory, as well as considering children of at least ten years of age, to be considered into the adult criminal court system, instead of the juvenile justice system. After the starting of these laws, the declining of arrest rates started in the 1990’s, which eventually rose slightly by 1999. There were several measures that helped with watching for youth violence, but the results were always different.
However, in this modern world, there are still people under the threat of such sufferings: the vulnerable and marginalised death row inmates. Despite certain benefits, it is unjustifiable for pharmaceutical companies to use them as test subjects without their consent. The death penalty, by its own right, has already been reserved only for the gravest offences. To most people, the loss of one’s life is the greatest loss. The time spent waiting in jail can be counted by months, years or even decade, especially in the USA where an average prisoner stays on death row for 15 years.
Juveniles were responsible for 16% of the violent crimes and 26% of all the property crimes that were on record throughout the United States. The statistic report shows that the arrest rate for juveniles who were charged with murder is at a rate of 3.8 per 100, 000 juveniles that were arrested in 2008.” The increase in drug offenses and simple assaults According to "Juvenile Justice Bulletin" (2008), “The report lists statistics for the juvenile drug abuse violations in 1994, 2007, and 2008. During the different years listed, the drug abuse violations continue to decrease. The report shows that the drug abuse violations resulted in 180,100 juvenile arrests.” “Simple assaults included in the chart were at zero reported; however, looking under the other assaults in the report there were 18% of the arrests reported to be
Some states, such as Texas and Pennsylvania, are now requiring tougher sentencing. Texas has a mandatory 25-year sentence for a first conviction of raping a child under six, or using a weapon, causing bodily harm, or kidnapping a child aged seven to fourteen; the same sentence applies for repeat offenders. (Ramshaw, 2009) In 2006, Pennsylvania’s Governor Rendell signed bills to protect children, aid victims of sexual assault and toughen penalties for sex offenders. For example, the minimum sentence for raping a child is now 10 years, whereas, it used to be six; repeat offenders could face life in prison. (Newswire, 2006 ¶ 4) California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger stated, “What kind of a society do we create here when you can not even let the children go out on the playground, and you always have to worry about them getting abducted and sexually molested…?” (Peckenpaugh, 2006 p. 2) With that said, on August 16, 2005 he signed the Sexual Predator Punishment and control Act, a bill that would have harsher punishments for certain sex crimes and create lifetime monitoring for convicted sex offenders released back into the community and to prevent registered sex offenders from living within 2,000 feet of schools and parks.
Juveniles Tried As Adults John Doe English 1A Professor Education November 13, 2014 Juveniles Should Be Tried As Adults For Violent Crimes. Over 500,000 juveniles are taken into custody every year in the United States. Although the arrests of juveniles may fluctuate on a yearly basis, Snyder and Sickmund (2006) stated in 2003 alone there were 2.2 million arrests made comprised of persons under the age of 18. There are roughly 12.5 million arrests made every year in the United States and with 2.2 million of those arrests being juveniles, that enormous number becomes a very alarming one. Two hundred and fifty thousand juveniles are tried and sentenced for their crimes as adults every year in the United States.
The criminal justice system The ever increasing publicity surrounding parolees, probationers and sex offenders committing crimes while not incarcerated in a government facility has generated intense public scrutiny. Communities throughout the United States continue to be alarmed by sexual assaults, violent crimes and murders being committed by individuals who have previously come in contact with the Criminal Justice System. Over the years, government agencies have sought ways to combat parolees, probationers and sex offenders from re-offending. The recidivism rate for parolees incarcerated in California Department of Corrections facilities in 2004 was 70%. In California alone, there are more than 63,000 persons required to register as sex offenders.
Segregation of HIV Positive Inmates The United States prison population increased drastically over the last 20 years where approximately two million people are currently incarcerated in jails or prisons. The latest data reported by the Bureau of Justice (Maruschak 2) revealed that there are 21,462 HIV positive prisoners incarcerated in federal and state prisons in the US. During, mid 1980s HIV and AIDs “were not fully understood by scientists, policymaker’s and medical personnel” (Human Rights Watch); therefore correctional departments created and implemented very restrictive policies regarding HIV prisoners. It is believed that these early restrictions contributed to the current isolation of the HIV population. Furthermore, HIV prisoners
THE PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT The Prison Rape Elimination Act Nicole A. Mitchell August 3, 2012 CCJS 497 Professor Arthur M. Wallenstein In 2003 Congress passed and President Bush signed into law the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). When this act was created it was to serve eight primary purposes, which include; establishing a zero-tolerance policy for the incidence of rape in United States prisons, make the prevention of prison rapes a top priority in the prison system, develop and implement national standards for detection, prevention, reduction, and punishment of prison rape, standardize the definitions used for collecting on the incidence of prison rape, increase the accountability of prison officials who fail to detect, prevent, reduce, and punish prison rape, protect the Eighth Amendment rights of federal, state, and local prisoners, and increase the efficiency and effectiveness of federal expenditures through grant programs and reduce to costs that prison rape imposes on interstate commerce (Thompson, 2008). Prior to the formulation of the Prison Rape Elimination act the extent of prison rape was unknown. During a 1996 study of the Nebraska Prison System it was found that the rate of rape in prisons was similar to the percentage for females who were not incarcerated, which was approximately 1 in 4. In a more recent study conducted by the United States Department of Justice in 2004, approximately 1 year after the Prison Rape Elimination Act was passed, 8,210 allegations of sexual violence were reported throughout 2,700 correctional facilities.