Segregation In Prisons

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Segregation of HIV Positive Inmates The United States prison population increased drastically over the last 20 years where approximately two million people are currently incarcerated in jails or prisons. The latest data reported by the Bureau of Justice (Maruschak 2) revealed that there are 21,462 HIV positive prisoners incarcerated in federal and state prisons in the US. During, mid 1980s HIV and AIDs “were not fully understood by scientists, policymaker’s and medical personnel” (Human Rights Watch); therefore correctional departments created and implemented very restrictive policies regarding HIV prisoners. It is believed that these early restrictions contributed to the current isolation of the HIV population. Furthermore, HIV prisoners…show more content…
HIV Positive inmates were segregated and housed in separate housing units to “reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS” (Hickey 195) to all within the prison population. In years past, there were over forty state correctional facilities with segregation laws and policies authorizing the segregation of prisoners who were HIV positive. By the end of 2009, there were only three remaining states enforcing segregation laws of HIV prisoners from the general prison population. The State of Mississippi ended its segregation policy (States News Service) and has since stopped segregating HIV positive prisoners but continues to mandate HIV testing in its state…show more content…
The fight against segregation of HIV prisoners continues to be a problem in the State of Alabama and South Carolina. Mandatory testing and segregation is not always the best answer in the prevention and transmission of HIV in prison. Low to medium security HIV inmates maybe at greater risk of being harmed do to the fact that they are housed with maximum security inmates. Every, corrections facility must improve on managing the medical care treatment for HIV prisoners while at the same time ensuring that no inmate is discriminated against and are treated humanely. It is crucial that HIV positive inmates be permitted to participate in all job, work and rehabilitative programs that will address their specific problems and prepare them for return to the

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