Motivation of Hate crimes: Characteristics and Laws Hate crimes pose serious social problems. In spite of the hate crime legislation, the rate of hate crimes is increasing. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) Program collects data for crimes motivated by biases against race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity/national origin, or disability. According to the UCR Program’s Data, 7,722 reported hate crime incidents in 2006. Comparing to the last year’s result, 7,163, hate crime incidents increased by 7.2%.
A startling 293 murders were reported in 2010 in Los Angeles and 32 murders for Long Beach and yet it is even more shocking to know there are far more forcible rapes that occur in both of these areas. I would think that population size, diversity and other environmental factors have something to do with the differences in these numbers. The murder rate seems to have decreased while forcible rape increased in both cities, with an additional 630 incidents in Los Angeles and an additional 102 incidents in Long Beach. On the other hand, for the past several years, crime rates have dropped continually. The Los Angeles Police Department reported in 2008 that
This is a public safety issue as well as a law enforcement issue. The question plaguing law enforcement is; at what point does the need to apprehend a suspect outweigh the risk of endangering the public? The most common end result of high-speed pursuits is an accident. Since not all states keep records on high-speed pursuits, there is no national statistic on how many deaths or injuries result from pursuits (Falk). It is estimated that 400 to 500 deaths result from police pursuits each year and one out of every one hundred pursuits results in fatality (Hill).
That's because anti-gun laws don't affect criminals, who ignore the laws. Government studies prove it, finding that most criminals get guns through theft or the black market, where gun laws have no effect. Wayne Lapierre. Chief Executive Officer, National Rifle Association states” The 20,000 anti-gun laws already on the books in states, cities, and towns throughout the U.S. too often disarm innocent victims. That's one reason why violent crime is often highest in places with the toughest anti-gun laws.
Phillip Leu 11/21/2011 Proposal To Increase Tobacco “Sin Tax” Do you know anyone that smokes cigarettes or has died from smoking cigarettes? Chances are you do know of someone that falls in either of these categories. Studies done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that “Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of death in the United States. Each year in the United States, cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke causes 443,000—or 1 in 5 deaths” (CDC). Secondhand smoke is also a huge contributing factor to deaths related to cigarette smoke, causing nearly 50,000 deaths per year.
Social and Economic Challenges Ex-Offenders Encounter Upon Reentry That Contribute to the Recidivism Rate in the United States Wanda DeMoss COM/156 Trudy Gay September 25, 2012 Introduction A major cause of ex-offenders' astonishingly high recidivism rate is their return to the same per-incarceration economic and social environments. According to the U.S. Department of Justice over 600,000 prisoners are released from prison each year (Holzer, Raphael, & Stoll, 2003). Of these 600,000 ex-offenders 300,000 from 15 states were studied in 1994 by the U.S. Department of Justice. The study found that within three years 52% of these ex-offenders were back in prison (Logan & Levin, 1994). The majority of these ex-offenders are released to the same drug riddled neighborhoods, dysfunctional family and friends, and limited job opportunities, which are only made worse by the fact that they are now convicted felons.
A national survey was taken by Seattle Times and states that had seventy percent of all police crimes against the public go unreported (Database of Abusive Police).Despite claims to the contrary from city officials where abuses have become scandals in the media, efforts to make meaningful reforms have fallen short. The scenarios are very similar from city to city. It is a fact that officers who repeatedly commit human rights violations tend to be small minority, but are still routinely protected by silence of their fellow officers and by flawed systems of reporting. Data is also lacking regarding the police departments’ response to those incidents 2 and their plans or actions to prevent brutality. Where data does exist, there is no evidence that police administrators or,
Prostitution and Human Trafficking Morality and Legalization Contents Abstract: 2 Background/Introduction 2 Objectives/Methods 2 Results/Conclusions 2 Introduction: 2 Morals of prostitution and human sex trafficking 4 Risks involved in Prostitution 6 Legalization of prostitution 7 Types, Definitions and Who of Prostitution 7 Types, Definitions and Who of Human trafficking 8 Will legalization decrease the amount of trafficking? 9 Will it lower the amount of disease incidences? 10 What would the impact be on the illegals if it were legalized? 10 Organizations, legislation 11 Conclusion 13 Works Cited 14 Abstract: Background/Introduction Human Trafficking affects millions of lives per year and a great percentage of humans trafficked are done so for sexual reasons. The debate on the legalization of prostitution is old but there is necessity in legislation and regulation surrounding human sex trafficking, regardless of the legalization of prostitution.
Crime in America Liam C. Burke Bellevue University Abstract Crime in America has declined substantially since the 1990’s. Scholars, criminologists, sociologists, scientists and economists all have explanations for the trend. This paper will examine several theories to try and see a correlation and consensus on what has led to this decline. Crime in America Crime in America has continued to decline. Homicide is used as a benchmark for crime trends because it is the most accurately measured and most serious crime.
A preliminary total, 4,609 fatal work injuries were recorded in the United States in 2011, down from a final count of 4,690 fatal work injuries in 2010, according to results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, 2013). The rate of fatal work injury for U.S. workers in 2011 was 3.5 per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers, as compared to a final rate of 3.6 per 100,000 for 2010. Transportation incidents continue to be the leading cause of occupational fatalities, accounting for more than 2 out of every 5 fatal work injuries. These incidents include highway, non-highway, air, water, and rail occupational injuries (BLS, 2013). Of the 1,898 transportation fatalities documented in 2011, 57 percent (1,075 cases) were roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles.