To what extend was the colonisation and decolonisation of Britain’s Africa driven by individuals within Africa? Before the 1870’s Africa was largely unknown to the outside world but, in the 1880’s the scramble of Africa began, where European counties, especially Britain all wanted to colonise Africa. Was the whole reason for British colonising Africa economically or strategically driven or was it led by individuals in Africa (men on the spot) or was it more of a top down process led by the government in Britain? And even though Britain fought so hard to control large parts of Africa it is clear that after World II Britain’s empire was declining especially after India gain independence in 1947. However, the British did try to revive their African empire in the late 40’s and early 50’s but their sudden fall into a steep imperial decline with the Suez crises saw individuals like Macmillan to acknowledge that decolonisation was the only way forward, as it would be more beneficial for Britain to decolonise than to resist the rise of nationalism.
They were far from perfect leaving many people unhappy with them. To resolve the issues brought about by the Articles the Constitution was produced to mend the flaws of its antecedent. Many people felt the changes brought to the government by the Constitution proved to be an extremely radical departure from the old government that had been established by the Articles and proved too weak for the new country.
They did not send British governors to Africa, but they let existing African politicians rule the colony. They were still under the control of the British. The French, Portugese and Belgian sent governors and chiefs and other politicians from their own country to Africa to rule it from the specific place. But there were many factors, which influenced the way how Europeans managed to rule them. The European administrators who were sent to Africa did not made a plan how to rule the colony.
Khailyn Thompson DBQ on Africa’s actions and reactions Spring Break “Shoot”, “Fire”, and “Attack” are just a few commands given by generals when in war. This was kind of the case in Africa however through all wars there is a peace treaty or a warning after and before a war begins or ends. This all came to Africa after the Berlin Conference in 1884 the three decades after was where Africa was attempted to be conquered, is called the “European Scramble for Africa”. A historian would presume that all the African nations and kingdoms would all show a violent resistance to the Europeans. However some Africans acted to the scramble by saying ok to the European demands, succeeding.
Previously, Africa although not fully isolated from the centers of other civilizations, remained secluded from communication with them, slowing the indigenous religions to be the main belief system. West Africa’s first major change begun around 1000 CE when followers of the prophet Muhammad came across Africa bringing its religion, Islam, and social changes. Due to its connection with the Islamic world Africa started to connect with other foreign territories through its new trading and long distance commerce system, exchanging new ideas and products. Furthermore, this new connection with the outside world brought occupants to the area, resulting in a population about 30 to 60 million by 1500 CE. These new economic effects deteriorated the native’s beliefs role as the sole influence of its society, sharing that position with Islam.
The article suggests that the Congo has no empirical sovereignty. This means that the central Congolese government has little or no control over society. Also, the country is not unified. This article argues that despite being recognized internationally, the Congo is equally poor and it’s neighboring states tend to not recognize it’s sovereignty as it is then easier for them to exploit the Congo’s natural resources (Herbst & Mills, 2009:1). The article concludes that the Congo doesn’t exist on these terms.
Using any one of the regions that we have explored on this course, assess the prospects and challenges for the development of democracy. The Middle East has been seen often, and by many, as a lost cause when it comes to the implementation of democracy. As most of the world took to freedom and justice, the Middle East was one of the few regions that were left behind. There are many reasons as to why the Middle East has developed such immunity towards the enticing new world democracy offers. Many reasons of this ‘immunity’ can been seen in the challenges the Arab world faces, such as; the longstanding authoritarian regimes, the notion that the Middle East is fundamentally incompatible with democracy, and the lack of a civil society, which is needed for democracy to prevail.
Since I am working for United Nations in Haiti, I would like to understand why Haiti can not be stable, at least politically stable. First, stability can not restore in Haiti without political parties. It will be crucial to understand what a political party in Haiti is and how practically to put a political party alive in Haiti? Furthermore, it is equally important to be aware of the grassroots organizations which in some cases could equal to a political party. In addition, elections have not been held routinely or at least on time, and political parties are not well-organized.
Organized states did not emerge in the continent of Africa until much later than most of Europe and Asia. The reason of this is that geography, interactions with other peoples, and government did not allow stable, lasting civilizations. The earth and environment played a major role in the development of Africa. The climate caused people to be frequently migrating. When the desiccation of the Sahara began in 5000 B.C.E., the peoples of the Sahara were forced to move somewhere habitable, and they migrated eastward toward the Nile valley.
What did Torday discover in Africa? Introduction Almost by accident, I discovered Emil Torday. I may have heard the name, but it was during a class on the Haitian revolution of 1791-1804, in the course of rereading CLR James, that I suddenly became aware of the man's significance. In the first chapter of his masterpiece, The Black Jacobins, James writes about Central Africa before the invasion of the European as a territory of peace, crossed by traders traveling a thousand miles, from one side of the continent to the other: "See the works of Professor Emil Torday.” James tells the reader, “one of the greatest African scholars of his time, particularly a lecture delivered at Geneva in 1931 to a society for the Protection of Children in Africa." Basil Davidson, the progressive historian of Africa from the United Kingdom (albeit not necessarily the favorite of African scholars from Africa), wrote in The Possibility of African History:: "Some sixty years ago, in a clearing of the Congo forest a Hungarian in Belgian service sat making notes.