Justin Galarza JUS-104 Charlie Pyeatt October 2, 2014 Historical Development of Policing The history of policing dates many thousands years ago and Great Britain is believed to be where the concept of policing originated from (Deflem, 2002). Policing has undergone many developments and advancements to the way it is today. Originally, policing was handled by able bodied and strong men and the initial reasons why policing existed was to protect the property of their people and communities. Today, the roles played by police have greatly diversified (Deflem, 2002). Initially, policing was a voluntary activity and one would join it provided they had the interest of other people in their heart.
Without Sir Robert Peel’s influence of how policing should have been done who knows where our modern policing style would be. The relationship between the U.S. government and the policing organizations throughout the United States is unique and delicate. The various agencies have a common goal and that is to prevent crime and protect the citizens of this country. Each agency has their own agenda, sometimes that agenda can cause conflict, and
In this paper, the writer will discuss how the historic development of law enforcement policing in the United States relates to the current relationship between law enforcement and race, ethnic groups, and social classes. The policing history in the United States of America is traced to 900 A.D (Uchida, 2004). The United States policing concepts were influenced by the English law enforcement concepts (Uchida, 2004). Law-abiding citizens played the law enforcement roles guided by state-sanctioned force to keep social control prior to emergence of police officers (Uchida, 2004). The department of justice was created in the mid-1300 A.D. to help in keeping peace in territories (Bischke, 2013).
Some principles that serve as a traditional model for police forces today are public the accessible headquarters, having a central location and using crime rates to determine the effectiveness of policing. Law enforcement in America began to utilize and implement ideas in order to establish a much better rapport with the American citizens. One of their first means was that of adding professionalism to law enforcement. In doing so, they created new state police organizations because of many corruptive one that were misleading, dishonorable, and not a “fan” for the citizens they were supposed to be protecting. Because of this vast change, police really sought out to change the personified image of law enforcement as a collective whole (Lentz & Chaires, 2007).
The civilian oversight of law enforcement movement in the United States is expanding and evolving. Oversight is becoming integrated into the fabric of our society and government; there is recognition that oversight is beneficial and here to stay (Attard, 2010). The reason behind there being a need for civilian oversight is because of the apparent failure of the police to show accountability of actions to the public. Commonly, it is much easier to have something along the lines of misconduct to transpire and because of it being by the police it is overlooked or unaddressed. This may be a problem
Police departments are going to have to help the federal government with regards to guarding the borders and there will be changes in the duties that city, county, and state police officers have. I feel that as we continue to change, the policing style is going to continue to grow and community-oriented policing is going to flourish. Utilizing community-oriented policing will be for the benefit of the community and the police department. There is no community that has enough officers on duty all the time. Using community members and community programs will help the police in times that something is going on, but it is not necessarily an emergency.
Urbanization brought with it a rise in crime, causing police to shift towards a more proactive approach to law enforcement. Police agencies have evolved since the early 1600’s to become a highly organized group that strives for crime prevention, preservation of citizen’s rights and professionalism. The 1970s started a new era in policing known as the Community Problem-Solving Era. This era is characterized by the authority coming from the support of the community, law, and professionalism. A broad range of services provided a better hold on crime control in the community.
Immediately after Sir Peel’s conception and birth of the Metropolitan Police Department, he began to institute his own principles and views on the proper method of policing. The root of his guidelines centered around officers of the law developing healthy and beneficial relationships with the citizens they are meant to protect. Instead of intruding and the abuse of power that citizens had been receiving previously. His methods were so profound and revolutionary that the principles he created are still used today in law enforcement. When Sir Peel first began his policing ideology his principles of law enforcement practicing were separated into nine elements that were the foundation for how he believed law enforcement should be.
Critical Issues Kimberly E Bond CJS / 210 Sunday April 20, 2014 Ronald Meyer Critical Issues Law enforcement has evolved tremendously since early colonial times. Policing has become a paid profession with trained personnel's, modern police patrolling in cars has taken over the original foot patrol established in colonial times, and the communications between all levels of law enforcement have improved dramatically to name some examples. Although there are many improvements that have been made, as with other professions, there is still a factor of critical issues and relevant dangers that remain in today's modern law enforcement. Continually updating the training and education for law enforcement will help provide newer tactics
Policing in American Society Policing in American Society The policing organizations and the U.S. government is a relationship that is based on a set of rules and guidelines that are set by the U.S. government in which the policing organizations must follow in order to run and police their communities properly (Walker & Katz, 2008). The relationship between the two has had a huge impact on the society of America today and has helped develop as well as helped to keep organized a functional policing system that is used all over the United Sates today. This paper will describe the relationship that the U.S. government and the policing organization has with one another while showing how it has had an impact on our society today. There