Plato’s views on the soul are more convincing than Aristotle’s – discuss. Plato and Aristotle were both Greek philosophers who wrote alternate views upon the soul. When discussing Plato and Aristotle we must deduce that Aristotle’s views are likely to revolve around empirical matters whereas Plato’s will be mostly based upon The World of the Forms. Plato wrote about his dualist views upon the soul that state that the soul is ‘imprisoned’ in a body waiting to be freed by knowledge, to Plato, the soul is immortal and lives on when the body dies. Aristotle has a monist approach to the soul, unlike Plato he says that the soul cannot exist without the body.
In Phaedo Socrates argues the nature of the afterlife with Cebes and Simmias, in order to show that there is an afterlife he devises convincing arguments about immortality of the soul and the existence of afterlife. Socrates claims that the death is nothing more than the separation of the soul from the body. The soul is immortal considering the cycle of life and death, the idea of recollection and the affinity argument. And while Socrates’ arguments are controversial, they appear reasonable and consistent with the idea of immortality of the soul is in fact true. Socrates’ first argument is based on the idea of dialectics and the cycle of life and death.
Cabrera, 1 Hannah Cabrera Block 4 Awp 9/21/11 Life Death is only the beginning. In “The Epic of Gilgamesh”, translated by Stephen Mitchell, the meaning of life is mainly death. Gilgamesh goes searching for eternal life and discovers something better the meaning of life, in “The Epic of Gilgamesh” the book portrays the meaning of life to be that death is inevitable. The thought that life can be restored after death leads Gilgamesh into the quest for everlasting life. For an example, when Gilgamesh’s friend Enkidu dies he is left broken hearted and thinks, “If my grief is violent enough perhaps he will come back to life” (Mitchell, 445).
Plato’s analogy of the cave, overall, is an analogy of how we, in our physical state, cannot gain knowledge of the true forms. Plato was an absolutist philosopher in classical Greece. He was also a mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues and a student of Socrates, which some may say, after Socrates dramatic death, fueled his fire to prove classical Greece wrong. However, millenniums after the analogy was conjured, it is still not clear what Plato actually meant: it is down to interpretation. Firstly, we come across Plato’s metaphor of chains.
Death is understood as the end of mortality, but what people believe comes after varies with each religion. Buddhists believe in reincarnation and that people go on a journey through birth and rebirth, until they eventually break free of the cycle of earthly life. On the other hand, Islamic people believe that they have freedom to do good or evil; those who submit to Allah go to heaven and those who don’t go to hell. Religious beliefs helps people to deal with major life events because it can provide believers with comfort and reassurance, in answering questions that we cannot answer ourselves. Religion offers an understanding of a world that is complex and often uncertain.
World Religions Independent Study Project [pic] [pic] [pic] Scientology “a controversial belief system developed by L. Ron Hubbard, based on a person being an immortal spiritual being whose survival depends on him/her attainment of brotherhood with others and the universe.” It is the meaning knowing how to know. ”Scientology began with L. Ron Hubbard’s book regarding the notion of Dianetics, which sparked a global movement, eventually evolving into the Scientology religion. Dianetics is “a methodology which can help alleviate unwanted sensations and emotions, irrational fears and psychosomatic illnesses (illnesses caused or aggravated
Katherine Isner Philosophy 101 Plato's Phaedo Argument From Opposites In Plato's Phaedo, Socrates argues for the immortality of the soul in an effort to reassure his friends and students about his death. One of the arguments he uses is the argument from opposites. In this he states that all things must come from their opposites. For example, hot comes from cold, strong comes from weak, beauty comes from ugliness and so on. Since death is the opposite of life, living people must come from the dead if his theory is to be true.
Odysseus' quest illustrates ***** value and importance of ***** in ancient Greek society, ***** Rama's willingness to leave his *****dom for his father indicates the ***** of submission and honor. Gilgamesh's tale is a spiritual quest, and while Gilgamesh never finds eternal life, when *****
Throughout history, great leaders and heroes lost sight of their main goals momentarily and managed to return to their intended journeys to serve a greater good. The literal definition of a digression is “a wandering from the main path or journey” (Webster 1999). Wandering may be seen as an essential part of a person’s goal since it makes the goal more challenging to attain. Therefore, a regression back to the main purpose of the original journey must be prevalent in order for the wandering to be tolerated. Homer’s Odyssey, Virgil’s Aeneid and Goethe’s Faust all encompass characters which embody how wanderings may eventually lead to an intended place.
Dawkins is a materialist, and a monist, meaning that he believes that the soul and the body are inseparable entities. . This would put him in agreement with the statement that death is no more than wishful thinking, because we cannot physically prove it, and because he believes that the soul cannot be separated from the body. This would slightly point towards him believing that there is no life after death, however he does believe in the concept of us carrying on our lives through children, memories, photos, and such like. Dawkins pokes holes in the Christian argument for the concept of afterlife, because there is little mention of life after death in the Old Testament of the bible.