Peru vs Colombia

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Peru and Colombia Peru and Colombia are both South American countries bordering the Pacific Ocean. They are two of eleven countries bordering water in South America. Peru was the center of several Andean Civilizations; the most common among which being the Incas. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821 after being controlled by Spanish forces for many years. There are currently 29,549,517 residents of Peru. Colombia gained independence in 1810 after also being controlled by Spanish forces. For decades a conflict between anti-government insurgent groups and government forces raged in Colombia. There are currently 45,239, 079 residents of Colombia. Peruvian geography varies with the wide expansion of the country. With this variety comes many different resources to sustain their economy. Peru’s coastal waters allow fishing to thrive while the mountainous landscape provides many important mineral resources. The Peruvian economy has been rising a steady 6.4% since 2002. While Peru’s economy relies heavily on fishing, Colombia depends on the export of oil to thrive. Colombia has profited from its sound economic policies and aggressive approach on free trade. Real GDP has consistently grown more than 4% for the past three years. This marks almost a decade of sound economic performance. The government of Colombia is considered republic but the executive branch dominates the government structure. The people of Colombia primarily speak Spanish and the vast majority of Colombians are Roman Catholic. According to the CIA website, Colombia is in the midst of a demographic transition because of steady declines in its fertility, mortality and population growth rates. Peruvian government is considered a constitutional republic. Like Colombia, the majority of Peruvian people speak Spanish. Peru’s urban and coastal communities are thriving more than the indigenous and poor
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