Outline the Strategie and Tactics to Break the Stalemate

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Outline the strategies and tactics to break the stalemate on the Western Front The strategy used most consistently in World War One to break through the stalemate was attrition warfare. Both sides aimed to wear down the other to the point of surrender by constant barrage and depletion of resources and supplies. The tactic of launching full frontal offensives was used by both sides in World War One in their attempt to break the stalemate. Commanders such as General Haig on the Allied side and the German General Hindenburg repeatedly commanded soldiers to go ‘over the top’ and charge at enemy defences. This tactic was used, for example, at battles such as the Battle of Verdun and the Battle of the Somme in 1916, and the Battle of Passchendaele in 1917. This tactic, however, tended to result in huge casualty rates and neither side made significant gains. New weapons were also used in an attempt to break the stalemate on the Western Front. At first, artillery barrage was used to inflict constant barrage on the enemy and preceding front offensives. As the war drew on, other weapons such as gas and tanks were used by the Germans for the first time at the First Battle of Ypres in 1915, and became a major tool of warfare on the Western Front. Tanks were used by the British for the first time at the Battle of the Somme in 1916 to little effect, but following technological innovation were crucial tot e success of the Allied counter offensive in 1918. The stalemate was eventually broken by a shift in tactics and strategies. Unlike preceding campaigns, the Ludendorff offensive was able to retain the element of surprise by not employing pre-emptive artillery barrage. This, coupled with the use of highly trained storm troopers meant that the Germans were able to make significant gains in
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