To What Extent Did Technology Change the Nature of Warfare During World War One?

11960 Words48 Pages
To what extent did technology change the nature of warfare during World War One? Contents Introduction The Beginnings of Trench Warfare Flamethrowers Communication Gas Tanks Machine Guns Conclusion Bibliography Introduction A lot of the technology developed during World War 1 significantly changed the nature of warfare. Some technologies helped to change the nature of warfare more than others. I will be looking at the following technologies to see how they were used in WW1 and see if and how they affected future wars: Flamethrowers – The experiments that led to their development. Communication – What types were used and how effective they were. Gas – What effects this had on soldiers and the result for future warfare. Tanks – Their introduction and their usefulness as a weapon of war. Machine guns – Improvements in their design and their use on land and in the air. The Beginnings of Trench Warfare Trench warfare was first started by the Germans. They were using the Schlieffen plan which was to attack France whilst leaving a smaller force on the Eastern Front. They succeeded at first but then had some failures, especially at the Battle of the Marne which stopped them going forward as quickly as they wanted to. On September 10th 1914 general Moltke ordered the Germans to retreat. He wanted them to go back to the river Aisne which they did, forming a 250-mile stretch along the river. General Moltke gave orders that, “The lines so reached will be fortified and defended.” On September 14th general Moltke was replaced by the German command who did not approve of his orders. However the German army had already carried out these orders and were now ready to hold their line. General Moltke’s replacement, Erich von Falkenhayn ordered that trenches be built. The Germans were better engineers and were better trained in quick
Open Document