Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations in Gender Diffrenences in Patterns of Crime

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In this essay I will explore the fundamental reasons why there is a significant difference between crime rates concerning men and women and I will also give reasons why men seem to commit more crimes on the surface and why women seem to commit less crime. I will base my Sociological concepts on Heidensohn but I will also use ideas from Pollack, Adler, Smart etc. The official crime statistics show how recorded crime tends to be a predominantly ‘masculine activity’. One explanation as to why there was a significant difference in patterns of crime concerning gender could be because Sociologists tended to focus on male criminality. Heidensohn (1985) said that female crime was either overlooked or ignored by sociologists or sociologists would merely assume stereotypical ideas on females regarding their criminal activity, for example, they would be too busy cooking and cleaning to have time to take part in crime, whereas men are stereotypically the bread-winners which means they are out in public more and so would have more opportunity to commit crime than women. Heidensohn stated 4 reasons for why female crimes were seen as ‘invisible’ to most sociologists; male dominance of offenders, male domination of society, Sociological theorizing and Vicarious identification (male rebellion is more interesting to Sociologists as it conforms with their expected societal character e.g. aggressive, tough, brutish etc whereas it goes against the female traditional stereotype). Lombroso had a biological explanation for why women committed less crime than men; he argued that ‘normal’ women had an innate tendency to repel themselves from taking part in deviant and criminal acts. From a biological perspective, women are said to have a natural maternal instinct which means they would be less likely to commit crime than men as they have a more caring and nurturing nature and also
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