Research on the English-only movement: The English-only movement, also known as Official English movement, refers to a political movement for the use only of the English language in official government operations through the establishing of English as the only official language in the United States. The goal of the English Only Movement is to make English as the official language of the federal government and the states, banning most interpreter services and limiting bilingual education. U.S. English has succeeded to lobby for the passage of English Only initiatives or legislation in 18 states since its founding in 1983 (There are presently 23 English Only states). It's led principally by a well-funded multi-million dollar right wing organization called U.S. English, which boasts a membership of over 570,000. U. S. English has successfully lobbied for the passage of English Only laws in 18 states (out of 22 total English Only states) since its founding in 1983.
Wood also analyzes Obama’s use of references in his election night speech. He discusses how “Behind his speech were the ghosts of Lincoln’s First Inaugural” (610) as well as “the explicit reference to King’s famous phrase about how ‘the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice’” (611). Both discussions of Lincoln and Martin Luther King Jr. are included to show how Obama believed his election to be a turning point in history as Lincoln and King’s speeches were a turning point in their time period as well. It was imperative for Safire and Wood to discuss the allusions to others’ speeches in both of their analysis as without the references to others’ speeches both Lincoln and Obama’s speeches would not have had the impact and power that they did. Through the course
This was then followed by The Great Reform Act of 1832, where they introduced a system for the election of MP's, by the 20th century Britain had its separate parties.Then in 1945 the first truly modern election manifesto appeared with a clear program of reform and thus made representation farer. For representative democracy, each MP represents a constituency (incluiding N.Ireland and Scotland) they are expected to represent the interests of the constituency and make its constituents feel like they will be listened to and f needed solve their problems. An MP does not have to be part of a party therefore can have its own ideas on what is best for its constituents and can also use Burkean representation (expect to also use own judgement of best interests of its constituents, he should not be expected to follow instructions of those who elected him). If an MP is part of a party, they can retain independence within the party sturcture as for example in the 19th century, this was described as the 'golden age of the British MP' in doing so, they influenced over government policy. In certain
To conform to the majority of the states (31) that already have made English their official language. 7. To respond to the will of the American people, 87 percent of whom believe English should be our official language. 8. To conform to the rest of the world: Eighty-five percent of the UN’s member nations have the official languages.
Between 1815 and 1822 Jose de San Martin led Argentina to independence, while Bernardo O'Higgins in Chile and Simon Bolivar in Venezuela guided their countries out of colonialism. The new republics sought -- and expected -- recognition by the United States, and many Americans endorsed that idea „(USDS Basic Readings). The United States, working in agreement with Britain, wanted to guarantee no European power would move in (Herring). The Monroe Doctrine’s primary objective was to free the newly independent colonies of Latin America from European intervention and control that would make the New World a battleground for the Old. The doctrine put forward that the New World and the Old World were to remain distinctly separate spheres of influence, for they were composed of entirely separate and independent nations (Encyclopedia Brittanica).
[pic] Summer Institute for Teachers: 2009 La Retaguardia de Tampa: The Spanish Civil War and its Impact on Florida and U.S. History Isolation and Neutrality in the 1930’s Participant Lesson Plan: Craig Shimcus Course: American Government Using your textbook, construct a time line of events that includes the significant United States foreign policy decisions from the Kellogg-Briand Pact of July 24, 1929, to the German invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939. Only use those items that show how the United States tried to keep out of war. Format your time line like this: |Date |Event |Significance | |July 24, 1929 |Kellogg-Briand Pact |Outlaws the use of war | At the conclusion of this activity you need to answer the following questions: -How did Japanese aggression in Manchuria set the stage for the aggression of Italy and Germany? -Was the League of Nations able to halt aggression (why/why not)? -How did the United States treat Central and South America during the late 1920’s and throughout the 1930’s?
The Framers of the Constitution wanted America to be free and they wanted a government that was ran by the people and for the people. The years leading up to the American Revolution the colonist saw the king and Parliament of England put their hands in colonial business, specifically when it came to dealing with taxes. All of the states wanted to ensure that the same thing did not happen with the new government. Hence the 10th Amendment was written into the Bill of Rights. President Adams passed the Aliens and Sedition Act in 1798, shortly thereafter Kentucky passed a resolution that declared, “This commonwealth does upon the most deliberate reconsideration declare, that the said alien and sedition laws, are in their opinion, palpable violations of the said constitution; and however cheerfully it may be disposed to surrender its opinion to a majority of its sister states in matters of ordinary or doubtful policy; yet, in momentous regulations like the present, which so vitally wound the best rights of the citizen, it would consider a silent acquiescence as highly criminal: That although this commonwealth as a party to the federal compact; will bow to the laws of the Union, yet it does at the same time declare, that it will not now, nor ever hereafter, cease to oppose in a constitutional manner, every
Recently Japanese Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi created headlines by saying, “achieving world-class excellence demands that all Japanese acquire a working knowledge of English.” (Masci, N.p) He not only went on to say that English should be the nation’s official second language but also suggested the alternative was to be left behind in the global race to prosperity. (Masci,N.p) So while other countries are clearly embracing English as a necessary language of the future, the United States continues to embrace multiple languages and, in fact, encourages it. In a recent article by Joe Castaldo, he states that German and Japanese based companies choose English as a primary language of their business and employees. (Castaldo, N.p) In fact, deviating from the “English Only” policy has severe consequences. (Castaldo, N.p) The article concludes that companies with global aspirations have no choice but to use English as the language of business.
In the essay “A Nation Divided by One Language” by James Crawford and “Viva Bilingualism” by James Fallows, they both claim that it is not necessary to declare English the official language of America. On the other hand, in the essays “English Should Be the Only Language” by S.I. Hayakawa and “Why the U.S. Needs an Official Language” by Mauro E. Mujica, both of them argue that English should be made the official language in America. I am in support of making English the official language of America.
I. Introduction Campaign Finance Reform is the political effort in the United States declared to change money involvement in political campaigns in order to provide fairness of elections. The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) of 2002 (also known as “McCain-Feingold” or “Shays-Meehan”, after its sponsors), the recent federal law on campaign finance, revised some of the limitations set in 1974, and prohibited unregulated contributions and spending by independent organizations in favor of candidates (“soft money”) and put limitations on political advertising. While declared goal of the Campaign Finance Reform appears to be upright, its norms in fact conceal threat to constitutional freedoms, gives benefits to certain groups and has number of unintended harmful consequences. II.