Thucydides: On Justice, Power, and Human Nature Plutarch: The Life of Nicias & The Life of Alcibiades Nicias and Alcibiades argue in front of the Athenian people over whether to undertake the expedition to Sicily in book VI. What is the position of Nicias and why? What is the position of Alcibiades? How does he justify it? Look at their behavior recorded in Thucydides and Plutarch, what do you think of their leadership of the Athenians.
ATLANTIS In the chapter “The Lost Land of Atlantis”, the prime written source about this civilization was registered by the Greek philosopher Plato on Timaeus and Critia; and his source was Solon, a distant relative (Athenian lawmaker and poet). Their description of Atlantis included the island’s politics and physically shown as a wealthy territory. Based on this, some scientists and followers decided to seek for more evidence that may unveil this city to the skeptic world. After the first recordings of Plato, in the 4th century BC, Theophrastus of Lesbos also included this mythical land in some of his work. Claudius Aelianus, a Roman writer of the 2nd century wrote on his book “On the Nature of Animals” an identical description of this place.
Chapter 11: Mediterranean Society: The Roman Phase Chapter 11 Reading Questions: 1. What contributions did the Etruscans and the early Roman monarchy make to the Roman republic? The Etruscans built thriving cities and established political and economic alliances between their settlements. They manufactured high-quality bronze and iron goods, and they worked gold and silver into jewelry. They built a fleet and traded actively in the western Mediterranean.
How did Alexander the Great’s conquests affect the history and culture of the Near and Middle East? Compare the lives and careers of Cyrus the Great of Persia and Emperor Ashoka of India. Who was the greater conqueror? Who do you consider did more for their people? Who do you think was the greater, better leader?
Aristotle’s Prime mover: A) Explain Aristotle`s concept of a Prime Mover  Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived around the time of 384 BC – 322 BC. He was a student of Plato’s; however, there are differences in their beliefs. He was also tutor of the Ruler of Macedon‘s son Alexander; who later became Alexander the Great, one of the most successful commanders in history. Along with Socrates and Plato, Aristotle was a major influence on western philosophy as it is today. One of the key differences between Plato and Aristotle’s philosophies are beliefs about the ‘creation of a form.’ Plato believed in a demiurge – a figure that shaped a form from matter that already existed, so not in itself a creator, but a force that molded a form into shape.
Women and slaves were not citizens.Ancient Athens is an example of a direct democracy. Click for Athenian Democracy. | Click to view map: Ancient Greece. | Click to view map: Ancient Athens. | | Plato.Greek philosophers influenced our form of government.
Assess the contribution of speeches in Thucydides’ work. Thucydides’ introduces his work by presenting it as a “history of the war fought against each other by the Peloponnesians and the Athenians”. However his work was not a simple narrative of the events that unfolded, Thucydides wanted his work to be judged as useful because he believed that history repeats itself. He wrote his work largely to explain the fall of the Athenian empire. Thucydides’ work, however, was not simply a book written about Athens as the protagonist which was defeated by its foolish over-ambition, he wrote about the Athenians and Spartans with similar objectivity, acknowledging both their weaknesses and virtues.
Was it beneficial for that noble lie to be told? If so, why? (Hint: What did a myth refer to in ancient Greece?) What would represent a "noble lie" today?. The nature of the noble lie was a political concept base on a society of people categorization into socioeconomic classes, it was the idea that, if the cultivation of nobility of the soul was the purpose of the state.
(Roman-Empire.net). Around 146 B.C. Carthage attracted neighboring nations, like the Roman Empire, and was destroyed in 146 B.C. at the end of the Punic Wars (Google.com Timeline). Rome rose because they had a weapon called ‘enfranchisement.’ Rome was Italy’s capital in the territories of the Roman Empire citizens had rights and privileges, with good government, security and a good justice system (Roman-Empire.net).
08 Fall 08 Fall The Persian Wars and the rise of the Athenian Empire The Persian Wars and the rise of the Athenian Empire Year 12 Ancient History Multi Modal Semester Three, 2012 Sarah MacKenzie Year 12 Ancient History Multi Modal Semester Three, 2012 Sarah MacKenzie The sixth Century BCE was characterized by an expanding Persian Empire surrounded by otherwise localised and isolated centres of power. Although a fear of a Persian invasion had the power to unite the disparate Greek city-states, the Persian Wars ironically resulted in an Athenian hegemony that was remarkably similar to the initial threat. The danger to Greek autonomy posed by Persian expansionism, was influential in establishing a consolidated, albeit temporary, Greek power in both policy and practice. Through such an association, the Greek city-states were able to withstand and eventually defeat the Persian menace. The consequential rise of the Athenian Empire, however, was simultaneous with the development of its increasingly autocratic and aggressive attitude.